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Mannitol is the most abundant sugar alcohol in nature, occurring in bacteria, fungi, lichens, and many species of vascular plants. Celery (Apium graveolens L.), a plant that forms mannitol photosynthetically, has high photosynthetic rates thought to results from intrinsic differences in the biosynthesis of hexitols vs. sugars. Celery also exhibits high salt(More)
It is now widely held that the chromatin of eukaryotic organisms is organized into loop domains in which chromatin ¢bers are attached to the nuclear matrix by speci¢c interactions of nuclear matrix proteins with DNA sequences called matrix attachment regions (MARs) [1,2]. Several MARs have been isolated and incorporated into constructs used for(More)
Microbial interactions are important for the success and safety of food fermentations. Although much indispensable work has described the microbial succession in various fermentations, little is known about how the microbes present interact. Here, we discuss the various mechanisms of microbial interaction from trophic interactions to cell signaling. We also(More)
Polyphosphoinositides have been isolated from wild carrot cells grown in suspension culture. This is the first report of polyphosphoinositides in plant cells. The phospholipids were identified by comigration with known standards on thin-layer plates. After overnight labeling of the cells with myo-[2-3H] inositol, the phosphoinositides as percent recovered(More)
The tobacco nuclear matrix attachment region (MAR), RB7, has been shown to have a much greater effect on transgene expression in cultured cells than in transgenic plants. This is comparable to work in mouse systems showing that MARs have a positive effect on transgene expression in embryonic tissues but not adult tissues. There are several possible(More)
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