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The virulence gene icsA of Shigella flexneri encodes an invasion protein crucial for host colonization by pathogenic bacteria. Within the intergenic region virA-icsA, we have discovered a new gene that encodes a non-translated antisense RNA (named RnaG), transcribed in cis on the complementary strand of icsA. In vitro transcription assays show that RnaG(More)
Basal-like breast cancer (BLBC) remains a great challenge because of its clinically aggressive nature and lack of effective targeted therapy. We analyzed the potential anti-neoplastic effects of sanguinarine, a natural benzophenanthridine alkaloid, against BLBC cells. Sanguinarine treatment resulted in a reduction of cell migration, in a dose-dependent(More)
In the human enteropathogen Shigella transcription of virF, the primary regulator of the invasion functions, is strictly temperature-dependent and is antagonistically mediated by H-NS and FIS, which bind to specific sites on the virF promoter. Here we report on the relevance of DNA geometry to the thermoregulation of virF and demonstrate that the virF(More)
Expression of Escherichia coli infC, which encodes translation initiation factor IF3 and belongs to a transcriptional unit containing several promoters and terminators, is enhanced after cold shock, causing a transient increase of the IF3/ribosomes ratio. Here we show that after cold shock the two less used promoters (P(T) and P(I1)) remain active and/or(More)
One of the most efficient systems of acid resistance in Escherichia coli, the gad system, is based on the coordinated action of two isoforms of glutamate decarboxylase (GadA and GadB) and of a specific glutamate/gamma-aminobutyrate antiporter (GadC). The gadA/BC genes, activated in response to acid stress and in stationary phase cells, are subjected to(More)
The mechanism of pathogenicity in Shigella and enteroinvasive Escherichia coli (EIEC) requires the co-ordinated expression of several genes located on both the virulence plasmid and the chromosome. We found that cells lacking a functional FIS protein (factor for inversion stimulation) are partially impaired in expressing the virulence genes and that full(More)
Expression of Escherichia coli hupA and hupB, the structural genes encoding the most abundant nucleoid-associated proteins HUalpha and HUbeta has been studied during cold shock. This article demonstrates that: (i) transcriptional expression of hupA is blocked following a sudden temperature downshift (from 37 degrees C to 10 degrees C), whereas transcription(More)
The icsA gene of Shigella encodes a structural protein involved in colonization of the intestinal mucosa by bacteria. This gene is expressed upon invasion of the host and is controlled by a complex regulatory circuit involving the nucleoid protein H-NS, the AraC-like transcriptional activator VirF, and a 450 nt antisense RNA (RnaG) acting as transcriptional(More)
Escherichia coli infA is transcribed from two promoters, P1 and P2, into a longer and a shorter mRNA encoding translation initiation factor IF1. Although P1 is intrinsically stronger than P2, the shorter half-life of its transcripts causes the steady-state level of the P2 transcript to be substantially higher than that of P1 during growth at 37 degrees C.(More)
The promoter of hns, the structural gene for the abundant nucleoid-associated protein H-NS of Escherichia coli, contains, downstream of the initiation site, two four bp-long 'CG clamps', one of which overlaps the potential target sequence (CCAAT) of CspA, the cold-shock transcriptional enhancer of this gene. To establish the role of these potential(More)