Mara Fallarino

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Adiponectin, an adipocyte-derived protein, is an essential modulator of insulin sensitivity and several studies suggest an important role of adiponectin in the processes leading to atherosclerosis, thus indicating the adiponectin gene as a potential candidate for coronary artery disease (CAD). In the present study we have studied the association between two(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the synergic effect of propionyl L-carnitine (PLC) plus sildenafil in reducing monocyte oxidative activity and endothelial dysfunction markers in diabetic patients with erectile dysfunction (ED). METHODS Thirty-two type 2 diabetic patients with ED (according to the International Index of Erectile Function-5 [IIEF-5]) were(More)
AIM Type 2 diabetes increases the risk for cardiovascular disease, and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors (statins) reduce cardiovascular events in these patients. The benefits of statin therapy cannot be explained only by the lipid-lowering effect. The aim of this study was to test the effect of atorvastatin therapy on(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether insulin resistance (IR) and the metabolic syndrome (MS) are associated with kidney dysfunction in obese non-diabetic (OND) subjects. METHODS AND PROCEDURES Three-hundred and eighty (113M/267F; age = 41 +/- 14 years) OND subjects (BMI > or = 30 kg/m(2); range = 43 +/- 8 kg/m(2)) were studied. Anthropometric measures, blood(More)
BACKGROUND The FRAX algorithm is a diffuse tool to assess fracture risk, but it has not been clinically applied in European patients with diabetes. We investigated FRAX-estimated fracture risk in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), compared with concomitantly enrolled control subjects. METHODS In our multicentric cross-sectional study, we(More)
Several association studies have indicated the insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) gene G972R variant as a genetic risk factor for insulin resistance, particularly in presence of obesity. A few studies have also suggested a possible effect of the G972R variant on insulin secretion. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of the IRS-1 gene G972R(More)
AIMS Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin II receptor-1 (AT-1) antagonists are used in the treatment of proteinuria of diabetic nephropathy. One of the major pathogenic events in this condition is represented by the alteration of the extracellular matrix protein synthesis by glomerular epithelial cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS We(More)
We studied the weight-sparing effect and treatment satisfaction when switching from NPH to insulin detemir in type 2 diabetes. Mean HbA(1c) (P<0.05) and waist circumference (P<0.05) were reduced while treatment satisfaction improved (P<0.03). No weight gain was observed. Detemir improves glycemic control, treatment satisfaction, and may provide additional(More)
Among the possible candidate genes for atherosclerosis experimental data point towards the longevity gene p66Shc. The p66Shc gene determines an increase of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), affecting the rate of oxidative damage to nucleic acids. Knock-out p66Shc-/- mice show reduction of systemic oxidative stress, as well as of plasma LDL(More)