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Limited information is available concerning the expression and role of microRNAs in prostate cancer. In this study, we investigated the involvement of miR-205 in prostate carcinogenesis. Significantly lower miR-205 expression levels were found in cancer than in normal prostate cell lines as well as in tumor compared with matched normal prostate tissues,(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDK) play a crucial role in the control of the cell cycle. Aberrations in the control of cell cycle progression occur in the majority of human malignancies; hence, CDKs are promising targets for anticancer therapy. Here, we define the cellular effects of the novel CDK inhibitor NU6140, alone or in association with paclitaxel, with(More)
There is indication that tumor growth is sustained by subpopulation of cells with stem-like features but little is known on their genomic characterization and their genetic stability. We report a detailed molecular cytogenetic characterization using Spectral Karyotyping and fluorescent in situ hybridization of parental serum-cultured adherent cells and(More)
Targeting of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) by different small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) resulted in a variable degree of telomerase activity inhibition in PC-3 and DU145 prostate cancer cells. In addition, transfection with siRNA5 and siRNA41, which caused high levels ( approximately 80 and approximately 55%, respectively) of enzyme(More)
Survivin is an antiapoptotic gene, which is overexpressed in most human tumors and involved in mitotic checkpoint control. Recent evidence points to an essential role for heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) in survivin function regulation. Although the survivin-Hsp90 association may promote tumor cell proliferation, it may also suggest new opportunities for the(More)
OBJECTIVES Peptide nucleic acids (PNAs) are DNA mimics that have been demonstrated to be efficient antisense/antigene tools in cell-free systems. However, their potential as in vivo regulators of gene expression has been hampered by their poor uptake by living cells, and strategies need to be developed for their intracellular delivery. This study has aimed(More)
Survivin is a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) family, which has been implicated in inhibition of apoptosis and control of mitotic progression. The finding that survivin is overexpressed in most human tumors but absent in normal adult tissues has led to the proposal of survivin as a promising therapeutic target for anticancer therapies. We(More)
Survivin is a structurally unique member of the inhibitors of apoptosis protein family and is involved in the control of cell division and inhibition of apoptosis. The notion that survivin is overexpressed in most human tumors but absent in normal adult tissues with only a few exceptions has led to the proposal of survivin as a promising therapeutic target(More)
The ability of melanoma cells to evade engagement of apoptosis plays a significant role in their resistance to chemotherapy. In an attempt to lower the apoptotic threshold of melanoma cells as a possible strategy to increase their drug sensitivity, we generated a hammerhead ribozyme to down-regulate the expression of the anti-apoptotic protein survivin. The(More)
BACKGROUND Therapeutic strategies to target the molecular basis of hormone and drug resistance of prostate cancer cells are needed. Since protein kinase Calpha (PKCalpha) is thought to have a role in the development of the androgen-independent phenotype of prostate cancer cells and in apoptosis suppression, the objective of the present study was to test(More)