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A number of supravital fluorochromes are available to study leucocyte functions in vitro and in vivo. The fluorescein ester most widely used, fluorescein diacetate, has the disadvantage of rapid cellular efflux, whereas more recently developed fluorescent probes do not exhibit this inconvenient trait. However, their effect on cellular functions has not been(More)
In patients with marked hypereosinophilia 'hypodense' and 'normodense' eosinophils have been found after density gradient centrifugation. Subsequently this terminology has also been used in studies of patients with milder eosinophilia. However, in these cases the differentiation between normo- and hypodense eosinophils was less clear. This might be due to(More)
The synovial tissue of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterized by infiltration with inflammatory cells, mainly memory helper cells (CD4+CD29+). An important initiating step in tissue infiltration is the adhesion of peripheral blood lymphocytes to the vascular endothelium. Therefore, we studied lymphocyte-endothelium adhesion in 40 RA(More)
AIMS To evaluate the electronic nose (EN) as method for the identification of ten clinically important micro-organisms. METHODS AND RESULTS A commercial EN system with a series of ten metal oxide sensors was used to characterize the headspace of the cultured organisms. The measurement procedure was optimized to obtain reproducible results. Artificial(More)
In the first part of this study the proliferative response of lymphocytes (lymphocyte transformation test) to house dust mite (HDM) stimulation in cultures was studied in normal children (n = 16), asthmatic children who never received hyposensitization (HS) (n = 50) and asthmatic children receiving HS with HDM for at least 6 months (n = 20). The results are(More)
A significant central-to-peripheral arterial pressure gradient may exist during and after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The etiology and mechanisms of this phenomenon remain controversial. We studied the pressure gradient between aorta, brachial artery and radial artery in 68 patients, scheduled for elective coronary artery bypass surgery. We evaluated(More)
Eighteen children with perennial asthma and allergy to house-dust mite (HDM) underwent a bronchial challenge with HDM. Before and 24 h after the test, a venous blood sample was taken to determine levels of eosinophils, eosinophil cationic protein (ECP), soluble interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R), and interleukin-6 (IL-6). A histamine challenge was performed(More)
Beside lymphocytes and neutrophils, eosinophils are also involved in the inflammatory reaction in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In this study, adhesion characteristics of peripheral blood eosinophils were studied in 43 RA patients and 19 controls, together with the expression of the beta2-integrin Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18). In addition, the production of oxygen(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the hemodynamic effects, pharmacokinetic profiles, and the need for vasoactive agents between a low (20 micrograms/kg during 15 minutes [group 1; n = 10]) and a high (40 micrograms/kg during 15 minutes [group 2; n = 10]) loading dose of milrinone. DESIGN Prospective, randomized, double-blind. SETTING University hospital. (More)