Learn More
Spatial normalization is an essential preprocessing step in statistical parametric mapping (SPM)-based analysis of PET scans. The standard template provided with the SPM99 software package was originally constructed using (15)O-H(2)O PET scans and is commonly applied regardless of the tracer actually used in the scans being analyzed. This work studies the(More)
In the scope of medical research, functional neuroimaging analysis permits the study of pathological or cognitive cerebral processes by using statistical quantification techniques. A tool of increasing use is the SPM (Statistical Parametric Mapping) software due to its wide availability and the variety of statistical studies that can be made. Nevertheless,(More)
Small animal PET scanners require high spatial resolution and good sensitivity. To reconstruct high-resolution images in 3D-PET, iterative methods, such as OSEM, are superior to analytical reconstruction algorithms, although their high computational cost is still a serious drawback. The higher performance of modern computers could make iterative image(More)
BACKGROUND Diastolic suction is a major determinant of early left ventricular filling in animal experiments. However, suction remains incompletely characterized in the clinical setting. METHODS AND RESULTS First, we validated a method for measuring the spatio-temporal distributions of diastolic intraventricular pressure gradients and differences (DIVPDs)(More)
This paper compares the metabolic changes associated with risperidone treatment in schizophrenia to those induced by haloperidol, as a representative typical neuroleptic. A group of 11 schizophrenic patients of recent onset underwent two [18F] fluoro-desoxi-glucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET) scans at rest: the first one at the moment of the(More)
OBJECTIVES A study of N-acetyl-aspartate (NAA) can provide data of interest about cortical alterations in psychotic illnesses. Although a decreased NAA level in the cerebral cortex is a replicated finding in chronic schizophrenia, the data are less consistent for bipolar disease. On the other hand, it is likely that NAA values in schizophrenia may differ in(More)
We report the results of a case-control study of postsurgical mediastinitis (PSM) that we conducted from 1985 to 1993. The incidence of PSM was 2.2% (81 of 3,711 cases who underwent sternotomy); we analyzed the findings for 73 cases and 73 controls. Univariate analysis revealed that the risk factors for PSM were emergency surgery (27% of cases vs. 13% of(More)
Schizophrenia is a heterogeneous clinical condition that may reflect a variety of biological processes. In particular, treatment-resistant (TR) schizophrenia may have a distinct neurobiological substrate. Within the context of clinical data, a simultaneous study with different imaging techniques could help to elucidate differences in cerebral substrates(More)
The laboratory workload, microbiological techniques and aetiology of catheter-related infections in European hospitals are mostly unknown. The present study (ESGNI-005) comprised a 1-day (22 October 2001), laboratory-based, point-prevalence survey based on a questionnaire completed by microbiology laboratories in European (European Union (EU) and non-EU)(More)