Marı́a Gabriela Murray

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A method is presented for the rapid isolation of high molecular weight plant DNA (50,000 base pairs or more in length) which is free of contaminants which interfere with complete digestion by restriction endonucleases. The procedure yields total cellular DNA (i.e. nuclear, chloroplast, and mitochondrial DNA). The technique is ideal for the rapid isolation(More)
An improved method for mapping RNA transcript boundaries by the nuclease protection technique is presented. This method exploits the large (greater than 20 degrees C) difference in the thermal stability of RNA:DNA and DNA:DNA duplexes in concentrated chaotropic salt solutions. At 45 degrees C in 3.0 M sodium trichloroacetate RNA:DNA hybridization is very(More)
A quantitative histochemical study was made of superficial thigh muscle specimens (semimembranosus and some vastus lateralis) from topi, hartebeest, wildebeest and waterbuck (species listed in order of increasing size). Fibres were largest (up to 120 microns diameter) in waterbuck but smallest (maximum approximately 90 microns) in wildebeest. Type 2B(More)
The poliovirus polyprotein is cleaved at three different amino acid pairs. Viral polypeptide 3C is responsible for processing at the most common pair (glutamineglycine). We have found that a cDNA fragment encoding parts of the capsid protein region (P1) and the nonstructural protein region (P2), and including the P1-P2 processing site (tyrosine-glycine),(More)
The reassociation kinetics of pea (Pisum sativum L.) DNA fragments (300 nucleotides) were measured with hydroxylapatite. The most slowly reassociating fragments do so with a rate constant of 2 X 10(-4) L mol-1s-1, as determined from experiments with total DNA as well as with a tracer enriched for slowly renaturing sequences. This rate is about 1000 times(More)
We have investigated the DNase I sensitivity of transcriptionally active DNA sequences in intact nuclei and isolated chromatin from embryos of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Nuclei or isolated chromatin was incubated with DNase I, and the extent of DNA digestion was monitored as percentage acid solubility. The resistant DNA and DNA from sham-digested(More)
Previous studies showed that the distribution of antigenic site specificity of neutralizing antibodies to type 3 poliovirus obtained with the inactivated poliovirus vaccine can be deficient as compared with that obtained following poliovirus infection. This observation was shown by the relatively low capacity of sera from(More)
The mouse-adapted strain of poliovirus type 2 (Lansing) induces fatal poliomyelitis in mice after intracerebral inoculation, whereas mice inoculated with poliovirus type 1 (Mahoney) show no signs of disease. Previous work indicated that the adaptation to mouse virulence is associated with the viral capsid proteins and that mutations in neutralization(More)
1. Sheep fed at a constant rate were infused intraruminally with [1-(14)C]-acetate, -propionate or -butyrate during 5hr. periods. 2. Volatile fatty acids were estimated in the rumen contents and steady-state conditions were obtained. 3. Of the butyric acid carbon 60% was in equilibrium with 20% of the acetic acid carbon, and 2-3g.atoms of carbon were(More)