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Over last decade an increasing interest for antioxidants in foods has arisen. The healthy properties of antioxidants related to the prevention of degenerative diseases are the main cause of this boom. An antioxidant prevents the oxidation process, the initial step of development of degenerative diseases, cancer and many others. Literature encompasses(More)
Melatonin has recently been detected in various plants and foods. However, data regarding the food composition of melatonin are too scarce to evaluate dietary intake. This paper aims to identify melatonin unequivocally using LC-MS in a wide set of varieties of tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum) and strawberry (Fragariaananassa). Furthermore, a validated LC(More)
Free radical scavenging activity of different polyphenolic compounds commonly present in wine has been evaluated using DPPH method. The experiments were performed with different amounts of phenols within the linear interval of response and with an excess of DPPH in all cases. In these conditions, for most of the compounds tested, the reaction was biphasic.(More)
The use of acacia wood for the aging of vinegars is increasing because the efficient air transfer through the pores permits a good acetification rate. In this study, vinegars aged in acacia (Robinia pseudoacacia) wood barrels were analyzed and found to contain a characteristic compound, which increased during the aging process. This so far unknown compound(More)
This paper studies the amino acid profile of beverages obtained through the fermentation of strawberry purée by a surface culture using three strains belonging to different acetic acid bacteria species (one of Gluconobacter japonicus, one of Gluconobacter oxydans and one of Acetobacter malorum). An HPLC-UV method involving diethyl ethoxymethylenemalonate(More)
The consumption of fruit and vegetables continues to rise in the United States and European Union due to healthy lifestyle recommendations. Meanwhile, the rate of foodborne illness caused by the consumption of these products remains high in both regions, representing a significant public health and financial issue. This study addresses the occurrence of(More)
Changes in the physicochemical composition of wine vinegars produced by submerged culture system and aged in wood were followed. Five Sherry wine vinegars and a model vinegar solution were aged in six new American oak butts of 16.6 L capacity. A total of 24 phenolic compounds were monitored during the maturation study (24 months), along with other(More)
Plasma antioxidant capacity (AC) has been assessed in eight healthy human volunteers after wine intake. Analytical methods used for evaluating AC included the ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) and oxygen radical absorbance capacity using two different fluorescent probes, beta-phycoerythrin (ORAC-PE) and fluorescein (ORAC-FL). In addition, the(More)
The antioxidant properties of wine have been largely related to the reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging ability of phenolic compounds. Polyphenolic compounds are hardly absorbed and quickly transformed into metabolites. Their antioxidant activities just as radical scavenging properties are therefore limited, but it is worth looking to other mechanisms.(More)
Wine intake affects the antioxidant enzyme activities that contribute to the overall antioxidant properties of wine. The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether alcohol-free wine has any effect on antioxidant enzymes. The study was a randomized cross-over human intervention. A low phenolic diet (LPD) was designed to prevent interference from(More)