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The cyanobacterial toxin cylindrospermopsin (CYN) is a widely distributed contaminant of freshwater systems with the consequent risk for human and wildlife, particularly fish. However, CYN toxicity data on fish are still scarce. It is known that CYN inhibits glutathione synthesis and this could contribute to oxidative damage. In the present work tilapia(More)
Fish can be exposed to toxic cyanobacterial cells in natural waters and fish farms and suffer from oxidative damage. The present study investigates the effects of N-acetylcysteine (NAC), a glutathione (GSH) precursor, on the oxidative stress induced by Microcystis cyanobacterial cells containing microcystins (MCs) in tilapia fish (Oreochromis niloticus).(More)
Carbon nanotubes (CNT) are among the more promising nanomaterials due to their potential applications. In this sense, the adverse effects that CNT can induce are of concern. In particular, carboxylic acid functionalized single wall carbon nanotubes (COOH-SWCNT) have shown to reduce cell viability and induce morphological effects on the human intestinal cell(More)
The unique properties of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been explored for their use in biomedical sciences and in biotechnological fields; however, their possible toxic effects are of concern. The sources of human exposure to nanomaterials include inhalation, ingestion, dermal contact and injection. The pulmonary and dermal effects of CNTs in vitro have been(More)
Cyanobacterial toxins, especially microcystins (MCs), are found in eutrophized waters throughout the world. Acute poisonings on animals and humans have been reported following MC exposure. Around 80 MCs variants have been isolated in surface waters worldwide so far. The toxicity of the most frequent MC congener, MC-LR, is well known; however, studies(More)
BACKGROUND Shellfish farming is an important economic activity that provides society with a valuable source of food. Analyses of the protein content and metabolism of shellfish are therefore of utmost importance to monitor the presence and effects of environmental contaminants in these organisms and also to assess food quality and authenticity. The aim of(More)
Cylindrospermopsin is a cyanobacterial toxin frequently implicated in cyanobacterial blooms that is approaching an almost cosmopolitan distribution pattern. Moreover, the predominant extracellular availability of this cyanotoxin makes it particularly likely to be taken up by a variety of aquatic organisms including fish. Recently, Cylindrospermopsin has(More)
Cylindrospermopsin (CYN) is increasingly recognized as a potential threat to drinking water safety, due to its ubiquity. This cyanotoxin has been found to cause toxic effects in mammals, and although fish could be in contact with this toxin, acute toxicity studies on fish are nonexistent. This is the first study showing that single doses of CYN pure(More)
Essential oils (EOs) and their main constituent compounds have been extensively investigated due to their application in the food industry for improving the shelf life of perishable products. Although they are still not available for use in food packaging in the market in Europe, considerable research in this field has been carried out recently. The safety(More)
Cylindrospermopsin (CYN) is a toxin produced by various cyanobacteria species. Fish can be exposed to this cyanotoxin in their natural environments and in aquaculture ponds, and toxic effects can be derived. The present study investigated the effects of dietary N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on the oxidative stress induced by pure CYN and CYN from lyophilized cells(More)