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The cyanobacterial toxin cylindrospermopsin (CYN) is a widely distributed contaminant of freshwater systems with the consequent risk for human and wildlife, particularly fish. However, CYN toxicity data on fish are still scarce. It is known that CYN inhibits glutathione synthesis and this could contribute to oxidative damage. In the present work tilapia(More)
Cylindrospermopsin (CYN) is increasingly recognized as a potential threat to drinking water safety, due to its ubiquity. This cyanotoxin has been found to cause toxic effects in mammals, and although fish could be in contact with this toxin, acute toxicity studies on fish are nonexistent. This is the first study showing that single doses of CYN pure(More)
Cylindrospermopsin is a cyanobacterial toxin frequently implicated in cyanobacterial blooms that is approaching an almost cosmopolitan distribution pattern. Moreover, the predominant extracellular availability of this cyanotoxin makes it particularly likely to be taken up by a variety of aquatic organisms including fish. Recently, Cylindrospermopsin has(More)
Tobacco, alcohol, cannabis and cocaine are the most consumed psychoactive drugs throughout the population. Prenatal exposure to these drugs could alter normal foetal development and could threaten future welfare. The main changes observed in prenatal exposure to tobacco are caused by nicotine and carbon monoxide, which can impede nutrient and oxygen(More)
Carbon nanotubes (CNT) are among the more promising nanomaterials due to their potential applications. In this sense, the adverse effects that CNT can induce are of concern. In particular, carboxylic acid functionalized single wall carbon nanotubes (COOH-SWCNT) have shown to reduce cell viability and induce morphological effects on the human intestinal cell(More)
The increasing occurrence of toxic cyanobacterial blooms in eutrophic water bodies is nowadays of worldwide concern due to their ability to produce toxins such as microcystins (MCs). These cyanobacterial toxins have been shown to affect aquatic organisms such as fish, resulting in oxidative stress. Among the antioxidant enzymes, glutathione peroxidase (GPx)(More)
BACKGROUND Shellfish farming is an important economic activity that provides society with a valuable source of food. Analyses of the protein content and metabolism of shellfish are therefore of utmost importance to monitor the presence and effects of environmental contaminants in these organisms and also to assess food quality and authenticity. The aim of(More)
The cyanobacteria Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii is considered a threat to aquatic organisms due to the production of the toxin cylindrospermopsin (CYN). Despite the numerous reports evidencing the toxic effects of C. raciborskii cells and CYN in different species, not much is known regarding the toxicity mechanisms associated with this toxin and the(More)
Cyanobacterial toxins, especially microcystins (MCs), are found in eutrophized waters throughout the world. Acute poisonings on animals and humans have been reported following MC exposure. Around 80 MCs variants have been isolated in surface waters worldwide so far. The toxicity of the most frequent MC congener, MC-LR, is well known; however, studies(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) anti-Adda technique could be used to monitor free microcystins (MCs) in biological samples from fish naturally exposed to toxic cyanobacteria by using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve software to establish an optimal cut-off value for MCs. The cut-off(More)