María del Pilar Martín del Río

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Changes in different osmoregulatory and metabolic parameters over time were assessed in gills, kidney, liver and brain of gilthead sea bream Sparus auratus transferred either from seawater (SW, 38 p.p.t.) to hypersaline water (HSW, 55 p.p.t.) or from SW to low salinity water (LSW, 6 p.p.t.) for 14 days. Changes displayed by osmoregulatory parameters(More)
The branchial osmoregulatory response of gilthead sea bream (Sparus auratus L.) to short-term (2-192 hr) and long-term (2 weeks) exposure to different environmental salinities (5 per thousand, 15 per thousand, 25 per thousand, 38 per thousand and 60 per thousand) was investigated. A "U-shaped" relationship was observed between environmental salinity and(More)
The osmoregulatory response of Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis, Kaup 1858) to 14-day exposure and throughout 17-day exposure to different environmental salinities was investigated. A linear relationship was observed between environmental salinity and gill Na(+),K(+)-ATPase activity whereas kidney Na(+),K(+)-ATPase activity was unaffected. Two(More)
Gilthead seabream Sparus aurata were injected intraperitoneally with slow-release implants of coconut oil alone or containing cortisol (50 and 100 microg x g(-1) body weight), and sampled after two, five, and seven days to assess the simultaneous effects of cortisol on both osmoregulation and energy metabolism. Plasma cortisol levels increased in treated(More)
The impact of different environmental salinities on the energy metabolism of gills, kidney, liver, and brain was assessed in gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) acclimated to brackish water [BW, 12 parts/thousand (ppt)], seawater (SW, 38 ppt) and hyper saline water (HSW, 55 ppt) for 14 days. Plasma osmolality and levels of sodium and chloride presented a(More)
The influence of high stocking density (HSD) and food deprivation was assessed on carbohydrate metabolism of several tissues of gilthead sea bream Sparus auratus for 14 days. Fish were randomly assigned to one of four treatments: (1) fed fish under normal stocking density (NSD) (4 kg m(-3)); (2) fed fish under HSD (70 kg m(-3)); (3) food-deprived fish under(More)
The seasonal variation of PRL, GH and SL gene and protein expression has been analyzed in gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) pituitaries using Real-Time Q-PCR and Western Blots, respectively. Animals were cultured in earthen ponds under natural photoperiod, temperature and salinity conditions. Samples were taken during winter 2005 (January), spring 2005(More)
Temperature and salinity are important factors that affect several physiological processes in aquatic organisms, which could be produced by variation of certain hormones. In this study, the expression of pituitary hormones involved in the acclimation to different temperatures and salinities was examined in Sparus aurata, a euryhaline and eurytherm species,(More)
Prolactin (PRL), growth hormone (GH) and somatolactin (SL) expression was studied in gilthead sea bream (Sparus auratus) in response to several different stressors (salinity, food deprivation or stocking density). In the first experiment, specimens were acclimated during 100 days at three different environmental salinities: low salinity water (LSW, 6 ppt),(More)
The osmoregulatory and metabolic role of testosterone (T) in the euryhaline teleost Sparus auratus was examined. Fish were implanted with a slow-release coconut oil implant alone (control) or containing T (2 or 5microgg(-1) body weight) and sampled 1, 3, and 7 days after implantation. Gill Na(+),K(+)-ATPase activity increased in fish treated with the lower(More)