María del Mar Ramírez Fernández

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A simple, rapid and highly sensitive method for the analysis of THC-COOH in urine, using automated on-line solid-phase extraction (SPE) combined with liquid chromatography (LC)-mass spectrometry (MS/MS), is developed and fully validated according to international guidelines. Chromatographic separation was achieved on an Atlantis dC(18) column with an(More)
Sedative agents are used to facilitate sexual assault due to their ability to render the victim passive, submissive and unable to resist. The primary pharmacological effect of the benzodiazepine tetrazepam is muscle relaxation, whereas the benzodiazepine diazepam acts on the central nervous system (CNS) exerting mainly sedation effects. Therefore, contrary(More)
Forensic entomotoxicology studies the usefulness of insects as alternative toxicological samples. Use of insects as alternative matrix for drug detection is well documented and recommended when conventional matrices such as blood, urine or internal organs are no longer available. However, several limitations of entomotoxicology have been highlighted,(More)
This paper describes a sensitive UPLC-MS/MS method for quantification of methadone and 2-ethylidene-1,5-dimethyl-3,3-diphenylpyrrolidine (EDDP) in single empty puparial case of Lucilia sericata. Larvae were reared on substrates spiked with different concentrations of methadone (0-4 μg/g). Methadone was quantified in puparia reared on high concentrated(More)
Toxic leukoencephalopathy is a possible but rare complication of chronic cocaine abuse. The role of adulterants, mainly levamisole, is still debated. We describe an atypical case of fatal leukoencephalopathy mimicking Susac syndrome in a 22-year-old man who was chronically abusing cannabis and cocaine. Exposure to levamisole as adulterant to cocaine was(More)
An automated online solid-phase extraction-liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (SPE-LC-MS-MS) method for the analysis of amphetamines in blood and urine was developed and validated. Chromatographic separation was achieved on a Nucleodur Sphinx RP column with an LC gradient (a mixture of 10 mM ammonium formate buffer and acetonitrile), ensuring(More)
A fast and selective ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS-MS) method for the determination of amphetamines (amphetamine, methamphetamine, methylenedioxymethamphetamine, methylenedioxyamphetamine, methylenedioxyethylamphetamine, ephedrine, and p-methoxyamphetamine) in plasma has been developed and validated. Sample(More)
A sensitive and selective ultra performance liquid chromatographic-tandem mass spectrometric method was developed and fully validated for the simultaneous determination of (in order of chromatographic elution) methylecgonine, pholcodine, morphine, hydromorphone, oxymorphone, norcodeine, codeine, dihydrocodeine, oxycodone, 6-Monoacetylmorphine (6-MAM),(More)
Forensic testing for drugs of abuse in hair has become a useful diagnostic tool in determining chronic drug use as well as examining long-term drug history thorough segmental analysis. However, sensitive and specific analytical methods are needed. A simple, rapid and highly sensitive and specific method for the extraction and quantification of 33 opioids,(More)
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