María de la Cruz Pellín

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Neuropathy target esterase (NTE) is the suggested "target" molecule involved in the initiation of organophosphorus-induced delayed polyneuropathy. Sciatic nerve NTE was separated into particulate (P-NTE) and soluble (S-NTE) fractions by ultracentrifugation at 100,000 g for 1 h in 0.32 M sucrose and compared with the corresponding brain extract. Total(More)
Discrepancies in the aging reaction between neuropathy target esterase (NTE) inhibited in vitro and in vivo by racemic mixtures of O-alkyl O-2,5-dichlorophenyl phosphoramidates have been observed. It suggested the existence of differences in the interactions (inhibition and aging) between NTE and each stereoisomers of the above mentioned compounds. In order(More)
Diisopropyl phosphorofluoridate (DFP), mipafox, cresylsaligenyl phosphate, and phenylsaligenyl phosphate were applied to a 1.5-cm segment of the common trunk of the sciatic nerve in adult hens. At doses of 18-182 micrograms mipafox and 9-110 micrograms DFP, inhibition of neuropathy target esterase (NTE) for the treated segment was over 80%, whereas for the(More)
The calcium-dependent enzyme activity which hydrolyzes the p-nitrophenyl-O-P bond of paraoxon (paraoxonase) has been studied in several rat and human tissues. Rat plasma and liver showed the highest activities (1.31 +/- 0.19, 0.82 +/- 0.09 nmol/min mg protein +/- SEM, respectively), while other tissues showed less than 2% plasma activity. The Arrhenius plot(More)
Cholinesterase (ChE) inhibitors have been described in the distillation residue of hexane and other industrial solvents. The residue of a commercial hexane has been fractionated by preparative chromatography. The anticholinesterase (antiChE) activity was isolated in two fractions (F-5, F-7) which contained only 0.61 and 0.16% respectively of the original(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Methadone maintenance treatment reduces drug-related-harm. The aims of the study were: a) to analyze the temporal tendencies of prevalence of infection by HIV and hepatitis C virus, and b) to evaluate if the adherence to methadone maintenance treatment protects against the infection by HIV and hepatitis C virus. PATIENTS AND(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the cost of methadone maintenance treatments in opioid-dependent individuals. PATIENTS AND METHODS Calculation of cost was achieved by applying an activity-based costing and management method from Conselleria de Sanitat of Catalonia, Spain (1997). RESULTS The cost of each methadone dose was 76 ptas. First medical visits(More)
Hens were given a single oral dose (0.235 mg/kg) of tri-o-cresylphosphate (TOCP) during chronic n-hexane treatment (200 mg/kg daily, 5 days/week). They were compared with other animals treated only with n-hexane or only with TOCP. Animals treated with a higher TOCP dose (1 ml/kg) were used as positive controls. The animals treated with both n-hexane and(More)
Some organophosphorus compounds (OP) induce a delayed polyneuropathy (OPIDP) which is initiated by the phosphorylation of the so-called neuropathy target esterase (NTE). In this work some aspects of hen sciatic nerve NTE are studied. The assay method is reported and modifications are discussed and a combined method proposed. Proximo-distal distribution(More)
An increased methadone enantiomer ratio (R/S) was associated to both nevirapine (179%, n=5) and efavirenz (36%, n=9) treatments when compared with that of controls (n=52). Additionally, in four follow-up patients, both R- and S-methadone normalized concentrations decreased (19%-93%) while R/S increased (22%-314%) following nevirapine/efavirenz treatment.(More)