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A previous study with aortic segments isolated from rats fed a fish oil-rich diet indicated an increase in acetylcholine-induced nitric oxide (.NO)-mediated relaxation. However, it remained to be elucidated whether a fish oil-rich diet affects the vascular activity per se and the point of the.NO-cGMP pathway at which fish oil acts. For this purpose, two(More)
A call for grants was issued in 2002 by the Spanish Government (Instituto de Salud Carlos III). This call was specifically designed to initiate networking research among Spanish biomedical investigators. During 2002, Ramón Estruch—the leader of our ini-tiative—contacted different Spanish investigators (the rest of us) working in nutrition from different(More)
Human erythroid malignancies (polycythemia vera [PV] and erythroleukemia) are associated with erythropoietin (Epo)-independent growth and differentiation. Missense or nonsense mutations in the Epo receptor (Epo-R) have been recently described in experimental erythroleukemia in mice and in cases of erythrocytosis in humans. To search for a similar genetic(More)
Flavonoids are ingested with vegetables and beverages and exert a beneficial effect on cardiovascular disease. Studies in animals in vitro and in humans ex vivo on the resistance of lipoproteins to oxidation are not consistent and the mechanisms by which flavonoids protect against atherosclerosis are a matter of debate. In the present study, we investigated(More)
We studied the response of several parameters related to oxidative stress in the liver of aging rats. Male Wistar rats aged 1.5, 3, 18 and 24 months were used. Livers showed an increase in superoxide anion (O(2)(-)) concentration at 1.5 and 18 months of age compared to the 3-month-old group; a decrease in superoxide dismutase (SOD) was seen at 1.5 months(More)
In vitro experiments have demonstrated that polyphenols exhibit antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. The present study was designed to test whether dealcoholized red (DRW) and white (DWW) wines can decrease the oxidative stress associated with inflammation in vivo. Rats were fed for 15 d either a control diet or one supplemented with DRW or DWW.(More)
A human leukemic cell line KU 812 was recently established and described as a basophilic cell line. In the present study we show that KU 812 and two of its clones are at least bipotent: in addition to a minor component of basophils, the majority of KU 812 cells belongs to the erythroid cell lineage with a significant percentage (about 15%) of mature(More)
Epidemiological and clinical studies have reported that olive oil reduces the incidence of cardiovascular disease. However, the mechanisms involved in this beneficial effect have not been delineated. The endothelium plays an important role in blood pressure regulation through the release of potent vasodilator and vasoconstrictor agents such as nitric oxide(More)
Polyphenols exert beneficial effects in atherosclerosis. The crucial step in atherosclerosis is the recruitment of monocytes to the subendothelial space, induced by endothelial adhesion molecules through the activation of factors such as NF-κB. We studied the effect of a dealcoholised lager beer (DLB) and a dealcoholised dark beer (DDB) on atherosclerotic(More)
The expression of the c-fos protooncogene was investigated by in situ hybridization in normal murine bone marrow cells. A strong signal was found in murine marrow cells having the morphologic features of erythroblasts. This result was confirmed in human marrow cells using a double labeling technique (in situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry). A(More)