María Simó-Castelló

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OBJECTIVE Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a serious side effect associated with natalizumab treatment in multiple sclerosis (MS). PML risk increases in individuals seropositive for anti-John Cunningham virus (JC) antibodies, with prolonged duration of natalizumab treatment, and with prior exposure to immunosuppressants. We explored(More)
The objective of this work is to study the relationship between the presence of lipid-specific oligoclonal IgM bands (LS-OCMB) in CSF, with both T2 lesion volume (T2LV) accumulation and brain atrophy (percentage change of brain volume–PCBV–and brain parenchyma fraction–BPF) in patients with clinically isolated syndromes (CIS) suggestive of demyelination.(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate whether the presence of lipid-specific oligoclonal IgM bands (LS-OCMB) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) influences the response to treatment with beta-interferon in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) patients. We performed a collaborative prospective study including RRMS patients with brain MRI and(More)
Intrathecal oligoclonal bands of the cerebrospinal fluid are considered the most important immunological biomarkers of multiple sclerosis. They typically consist of clonally expanded IgG antibodies that underwent affinity maturation during sustained stimulation by largely unknown antigens. In addition, ∼40% of patients with multiple sclerosis have(More)
We prospectively assessed the risk of second relapse in 192 patients with clinically isolated syndromes (CIS) divided into three groups: patients lacking oligoclonal IgG bands (OC-IgG, 25.7%), those showing OC-IgG (52.4%), and those with both OC-IgG and lipid-specific IgM bands (LS-OC-IgM, 22%). OC-IgG increased 9.3-fold the risk compared to lacking OC-IgG;(More)
Paraneoplastic myelitis is a rare inflammatory disorder most frequently associated with solid tumors or lymphoproliferative disorders. Patients often harbor onconeuronal antibodies and their prognosis is usually poor. Here we report a 42-year old woman with longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis and aquaporin-4 (AQP4) antibodies that led to the(More)
Axonal injury is the major cause of disability in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), but the mechanisms leading to axonal damage are poorly understood. Oligoclonal IgM against lipids predicts an aggressive disease course in MS; however, the antigen that elicits the immune response has not yet been identified. We screened the CSF of 12 patients with MS,(More)
BACKGROUND The presence of oligoclonal IgM bands (OCMB) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is an unfavourable prognostic marker in multiple sclerosis. There is no commercial test to investigate OCMB status. However, a sensitive and specific isoelectrofocusing (IEF) and western blot method was described. We aimed to study the inter-centre reproducibility of this(More)
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