María Rosario Baquero

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The colicin G producer Escherichia coli CA46, the colicin H producer E. coli CA58 and E. coli Nissle 1917 (DSM 6601) were shown to produce microcin H47 and the newly described microcin M. Both microcins were exported like colicin V by an RND-type export system, including TolC. The gene cluster encoding microcins H47 and M in strains CA46 and CA58 is nearly(More)
Mutation frequencies were studied in 174 Stenotrophomonas maltophilia isolates from clinical and nonclinical environments by detecting spontaneous rifampin-resistant mutants in otherwise-susceptible populations. The distribution of mutation frequencies followed a pattern similar to that found for other bacterial species, with a modal value of 1 x 10(-8).(More)
Microcin B17 (MccB17) is a ribosomally synthesized peptide antibiotic of 43 amino acids that induces double-strand breaking of DNA in a DNA gyrase-dependent reaction. As a consequence, the SOS regulon is induced and massive DNA degradation occurs. In this work we have characterized an Escherichia coli gene, sbmC, that in high copy number determines high(More)
In the course of a study of genes located at min 44 of the Escherichia coli genome, we identified an open reading frame with the capacity to encode a 43-kDa polypeptide whose predicted amino acid sequence is strikingly similar to those of the well-known DD-carboxipeptidases penicillin-binding proteins PBP5 and PBP6. The gene product was shown to bind(More)
Microcins are ribosomally encoded small peptide antibiotics produced by Gram(-) enterobacteria. Microcin production-biosynthesis, maturation and secretion to the medium-is encoded by gene clusters organized in operons. Production of the best known plasmid-encoded microcins (MccB, MccC and MccJ) switches on when cells reach the stationary growth phase. This(More)
A clinical Escherichia coli strain highly resistant to the combinations of amoxicillin-clavulanate, ampicillin-sulbactam, and piperacillin-tazobactam was isolated from a patient with a community-acquired urinary tract infection who was previously treated with amoxicillin-clavulanate. These resistances were carried by a 45-kb conjugative plasmid encoding for(More)
A predictive approach was assayed to evaluate the possibility of mutant Amp-C beta-lactamase emergence with increased substrate spectrum (including new C-3' quaternary ammonium cephems). The ampC gene encoding the AmpC beta-lactamase from Enterobacter cloacae was cloned and expressed in an AmpC-defective strain of E. coli. After the AmpC containing strain(More)
The possibility of plasmid-encoded quinolone resistance is explored in two model systems. In the first, increasing amounts of wild-type gyrA allele moderately increased minimum inhibitory concentrations to quinolone antibiotics. In the second model, a mutant gyrA allele encoded by a multicopy plasmid produced a quinolone resistance phenotype upon its(More)
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