María Pilar Valdecantos

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The pathogenic mechanisms underlying the progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are not fully understood. In this study, we aimed to assess the relationship between endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and autophagy in human and mouse hepatocytes during NAFLD. ER stress and autophagy markers were analyzed in livers from patients with(More)
The prevalence of obesity has significantly increased during the last decades reaching epidemic proportions in many countries. Obesity has been described as a state of chronic oxidative stress. Furthermore, oxidative stress has been defined as the link between obesity and its major associated disorders such as insulin resistance, hypertension, etc. Because(More)
Nonalcoholic steatosis is an important hepatic complication of obesity linked to mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress. Lipoic acid (LA) has been reported to have beneficial effects on mitochondrial function and to attenuate oxidative stress. The sirtuin (SIRT) family has been demonstrated to play an important role in the regulation of(More)
Because nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is associated with impaired liver regeneration, we investigated the effects of G49, a dual glucagon-like peptide-1/glucagon receptor agonist, on NASH and hepatic regeneration. C57Bl/6 mice fed chow or a methionine and choline-deficient (MCD) diet for 1 week were divided into 4 groups: control (chow diet), MCD(More)
Nonalcoholic steatosis is an important hepatic complication of obesity linked to mitochondrial dysfunction and insulin resistance. Furthermore, lipoic acid has been reported to have beneficial effects on mitochondrial function. In this study, we analyzed the potential protective effect of lipoic acid supplementation against the development of nonalcoholic(More)
Modulating mitochondrial antioxidant status is a nutritional issue of great interest in the treatment or prevention of several oxidative stress related diseases such as obesity. Thus, the aim of the present study was to analyze the effects of three antioxidants on hepatic mitochondrial function and antioxidant status. Isolated rat liver mitochondria were(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS High-fat, high-sucrose diet (HF)-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels are implicated in skeletal muscle insulin resistance and mitochondrial dysfunction. Here we investigated whether mitochondrial ROS sequestering can circumvent HF-induced oxidative stress; we also determined the impact of any reduced oxidative stress on muscle(More)
The need for minimally invasive biomarkers to predict the progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis is a priority. Oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction contribute in this physiopathological process. The aim of this study was to analyze the potential role of erythrocytes as surrogate biomarkers of hepatic(More)
Excess of saturated free fatty acids, such as palmitic acid (PA), in hepatocytes has been implicated in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. α-Lipoic acid (LA) is an antioxidant that protects against oxidative stress conditions. We have investigated the effects of LA in the early activation of oxidative and endoplasmic reticulum stress, lipid accumulation, and(More)
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is involved in different liver diseases but little is known about the significance of COX-2 in the development and progression of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). This study was designed to elucidate the role of COX-2 expression in hepatocytes in the pathogenesis of steatohepatitis and hepatic fibrosis. In the present work,(More)