María Pilar García Guerreiro

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The insertion site polymorphism of the copia, mdg1, mdg3, gypsy, and P transposable elements was analysed by in situ hybridization to the polytene chromosomes in genomes of males from a natural population of Drosophila melanogaster. Parameters of various theoretical models of the population biology of transposable elements were estimated from our data, and(More)
Hybridization between species is a genomic instability factor involved in increasing mutation rate and new chromosomal rearrangements. Evidence of a relationship between interspecific hybridization and transposable element mobilization has been reported in different organisms, but most studies are usually performed with particular TEs and do not discuss the(More)
We have analysed by in situ hybridization the insertion site polymorphism of the copia, mdg1, mdg3, and P transposable elements in diploid genomes of wild males from a natural population of Drosophila melanogaster. The values of observed average degree of individual heterozygosity for all elements except mdg3 deviate statistically from the values expected(More)
The behaviour of the retrotransposons copia and mdg1 was analysed in hybrids between Drosophila melanogaster and D. simulans. Females of a highly inbred line of D. melanogaster were crossed with D. simulans males from three natural populations. The insertion site profiles for the two elements were determined in F1 hybrid larvae by in situ hybridization to(More)
Genome size (or C-value) can present a wide range of values among eukaryotes. This variation has been attributed to differences in the amplification and deletion of different noncoding repetitive sequences, particularly transposable elements (TEs). TEs can be activated under different stress conditions such as interspecific hybridization events, as(More)
Previous work on transposable element distribution in colonizing populations of Drosophila buzzatii revealed a high frequency of occupancy in several chromosomal sites. Two explanatory hypotheses were advanced: the founder hypothesis, by which founder genetic drift was responsible, and the unstable hypothesis that assigns this unusual distribution to bursts(More)
Transposable elements (TEs) constitute an important source of genetic variability owing to their jumping and regulatory properties, and are considered to drive species evolution. Several factors that are able to induce TE transposition in genomes have been documented (for example environmental stress and inter- and intra-specific crosses) but in many(More)
Transposable elements (TEs) constitute a substantial amount of all eukaryotic genomes. They induce an important proportion of deleterious mutations by insertion into genes or gene regulatory regions. However, their mutational capabilities are not always adverse but can contribute to the genetic diversity and evolution of organisms. Knowledge of their(More)
Interspecific hybridization is a genomic stress condition that leads to the activation of transposable elements (TEs) in both animals and plants. In hybrids between Drosophila buzzatii and Drosophila koepferae, mobilization of at least 28 TEs has been described. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this TE release remain poorly understood. To give(More)