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Calorie restriction of young male rats increases plasma prolactin, decreases luteinizing hormone (LH) and testosterone, and disrupts their 24 h secretory pattern. To study whether this could be the consequence of stress, we examined the 24 h variations of plasma adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) corticosterone, growth hormone (GH), leptin, and adrenal(More)
OBJECTIVES Day/night variations in cellularity, percentage of CD4+, CD8+ and double-positive (CD4+-CD8+) lymphocytes, lipopolysaccharide (LPS)- and concanavalin A (Con A)-induced lymphocyte proliferation and natural killer (NK) activity, and the effect of timed administration of recombinant human prolactin (h-PRL) on the above-mentioned parameters were(More)
Brucellosis is a zoonosis of worldwide distribution with numerous animal host species. Since the novel isolation of Brucella spp. from marine mammals in 1994 the bacteria have been isolated from various marine mammal hosts. The marine mammal reference strains Brucella pinnipedialis 12890 (harbour seal, Phoca vitulina) and Brucella ceti 12891 (harbour(More)
OBJECTIVE Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) is a cytokine produced by T helper cells on antigenic challenge that may affect the release of several pituitary hormones. However, in vitro or in vivo studies have yielded disparate results with stimulatory, inhibitory or absent effects of IFN on pituitary hormone release. One of the reasons for these discrepancies(More)
Newborn rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) are only nursed for 3-5 min every 24 h and show a circadian increase in activity in anticipation of nursing. The objective of this study was to determine, in neonatal female rabbits after acute separation from the doe for 48 h, the changes in 24-h rhythms of plasma prolactin and median eminence and anterior pituitary(More)
Lactation in the rabbit is a nocturnal activity, extremely short and regular, that can be a strong synchronizer for the development of circadian rhythmicity in the pups. In the present study, 24-h rhythmicity of plasma prolactin and median eminence and anterior pituitary content of dopamine (DA), serotonin (5HT), gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and taurine(More)
This work was undertaken to analyze the changes in GABA concentrations in the anterior and mediobasal hypothalamus and in the median eminence after acute or chronic superior cervical ganglionectomy (SCGx), and whether high prolactin levels interfere with the effects of SCGx on GABA content. Acute but not chronic SCGx increased GABA content in all the areas(More)
This work analyzes the effect of chronic ethanol feeding on the 24-hour variation of mitogenic responses and lymphocyte subset populations in thymus and spleen. Animals were maintained under a 12:12-hour light/dark photoperiod and they received a liquid diet for 4 weeks, starting on day 35 of life. The ethanol-fed group received a similar diet to controls(More)
BACKGROUND This work describes the effect of a 48-h litter separation on 24-h patterns of plasma prolactin, FSH and LH concentration in female lactating rabbits kept under a 16:8 light-dark photoperiod (lights on at 0800 h). METHODS Groups of 6-7 female lactating rabbits maintained with their litters or separated from them for 48 h were killed by(More)