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RATIONALE Despite the increasing use of cannabis among adolescents, there is scarce information about the long-term effects of cannabinoid receptor agonists in appropriate animal models. OBJECTIVES We aimed to investigate the behavioural features of adult male and female Wistar rats that had been exposed to a chronic treatment with the cannabinoid(More)
Age-related changes in immunity have been shown to highly influence morbidity and mortality. The aim of the present work was to study the effects of environmental enrichment (EE) (8-16 weeks) on several functions and oxidative stress parameters of peritoneal leukocytes, previously described as health and longevity markers, in mice at different ages, namely(More)
Pharmacological modulation of the endocannabinoid system is a novel but poorly explored field for potential therapy. Early maternal deprivation represents an animal model for specific aspects of neuropsychiatric disorders. This study explored whether a pharmacological manipulation of the endocannabinoid system at adolescence may restore altered phenotypes(More)
We have previously shown that differences in life span among members of Swiss mouse populations appear to be related to their exploration of a T-maze, with a slow exploration ('slow mice') being linked to alteration of spontaneous behavior and monoaminergic systems, impaired immune function and shorter life span. In general these traits resemble some of the(More)
The kappa (kappa) opioid system appears to interact with nicotine in the modulation of locomotion and addiction related processes. In this study we have investigated the possible implication of the kappa-opioid system in the effects of nicotine on anxiety and adrenocortical activity. In two different experiments, we analysed the possible interaction between(More)
We have previously shown that differences in life span among members of Swiss mouse populations appear to be related to their exploration of a T-maze, with a slow exploration ("slow mice") being linked to increased levels of emotionality/anxiety, an impaired immune function and a shorter life span. Thus, we proposed the slow mice as prematurely ageing mice(More)
The effects of social isolation and crowding on adrenocortical function and upon behavioral responsiveness to electric shock have been studied in male and female rats. All female experimental groups showed higher corticosterone levels and heavier adrenals than their male counterparts. The major effect of housing condition concerned the corticosterone(More)
We have evaluated different behavioral parameters in ICR (CD1) female mice of three different ages (38-39 weeks: mature; 62 weeks: late mature; 90 weeks: old), and addressed the effects of an enriched housing condition. We employed the following battery of tests: Holeboard, open field, elevated plus-maze (EPM), and forced swimming test (FST). The results(More)
The contribution of two major endocannabinoids, 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) and anandamide (AEA), in the regulation of fear expression is still unknown. We analyzed the role of different players of the endocannabinoid system on the expression of a strong auditory-cued fear memory in male mice by pharmacological means. The cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1)(More)
The endocannabinoid system is involved in several physiological and pathological states including anxiety, depression, addiction and other neuropsychiatric disorders. Evidence from human and rodent studies suggests that exposure to early life stress may increase the risk of psychopathology later in life. Indeed, maternal deprivation (MD) (24 h at postnatal(More)