María Oliver-Bonet

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Meiotic recombination is essential for the segregation of chromosomes and the formation of normal haploid gametes, yet we know very little about the meiotic process in humans. We present the first (to our knowledge) recombination maps for every autosome in the human male obtained by new immunofluorescence techniques followed by centromere-specific(More)
Reciprocal translocations, the most frequent structural aberration in humans, are mainly transmitted by one of the parents. In order to analyze the chromosomal content of the spermatozoa from carriers of chromosomal reorganizations, two methods have been used, karyotyping of sperm chromosomes by the human-hamster system and fluorescence in situ(More)
BACKGROUND Anomalies in meiotic prophase I have been related to partial or total meiotic arrest. These anomalies include an abnormal synaptic process, resulting in disorders in meiotic recombination. METHODS In the present study, we analyse primary spermatocytes from 12 infertile men (four with non-obstructive azoospermia, six with(More)
Meiotic recombination is essential for the segregation of homologous chromosomes and the formation of normal haploid gametes. Little is known about patterns of meiotic recombination in human germ cells or the mechanisms that control these patterns. Documentation of the normal range of variability of recombination distribution over the genome among(More)
Recombination allows faithful chromosomal segregation during meiosis and contributes to the production of new heritable allelic variants that are essential for the maintenance of genetic diversity. Therefore, an appreciation of how this variation is created and maintained is of critical importance to our understanding of biodiversity and evolutionary(More)
BACKGROUND Alterations of synapsis can disturb or arrest meiosis and result in infertility. Synaptic abnormalities are frequently observed in infertile patients but also in fertile men. METHODS The subtelomere-specific multiplex fluorescence in-situ hybridization (stM-FISH) has been applied in combination with immunofluorescence to identify all(More)
The purpose of this work was to adapt the recently described centromere-specific multicolour (cenM-) FISH technique to human meiotic cells, and evaluate the usefulness of this multiplex fluorescence method for karyotyping human synaptonemal complex (SC), previously analysed by immunocytogenetic approaches. The results obtained demonstrate that cenM-FISH is(More)
BACKGROUND Bivalents with no recombination foci (possible achiasmates) are unable to orient properly on the metaphase plate or to segregate chromosomes to daughter cells. Non-crossover bivalents are known to cause meiotic arrest in various organisms. METHODS Individual non-crossover bivalents were identified in 886 pachytene cells (19 492 bivalents) from(More)
Replication protein A (RPA) has been identified as a component of early recombination nodules. It is thought to stimulate homologous pairing and strand exchange reactions. The expression pattern of RPA in human spermatocytes has been analysed using immunocytogenetic techniques on testicular biopsies from adult male patients. What appears to be connecting(More)
BACKGROUND Reciprocal translocations are often associated with infertility in male carriers. However, some carriers present normal semen profiles and are identified because of repetitive pregnancy failures. METHODS Here, we report two different cases of reciprocal translocations. The first patient carried a t(10;14) and was normozoospermic. The second(More)