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The immune synapse is an exquisitely evolved means of communication between T cells and antigen-presenting cells (APCs) during antigen recognition. Recent evidence points to the transfer of RNA via exosomes as a novel mode of intercellular communication. Here we show that exosomes of T, B and dendritic immune cells contain microRNA (miRNA) repertoires that(More)
Exosomes are released by most cells to the extracellular environment and are involved in cell-to-cell communication. Exosomes contain specific repertoires of mRNAs, microRNAs (miRNAs) and other non-coding RNAs that can be functionally transferred to recipient cells. However, the mechanisms that control the specific loading of RNA species into exosomes(More)
The translocation of the microtubule-organizing center (MTOC) toward the nascent immune synapse (IS) is an early step in lymphocyte activation initiated by T cell receptor (TCR) signaling. The molecular mechanisms that control the physical movement of the lymphocyte MTOC remain largely unknown. We have studied the role of the dynein-dynactin complex, a(More)
In this work, the role of HDAC6, a type II histone deacetylase with tubulin deacetylase activity, in lymphocyte polarity, motility, and transmigration was explored. HDAC6 was localized at dynamic subcellular structures as leading lamellipodia and the uropod in migrating T-cells. However, HDAC6 activity did not appear to be involved in the polarity of(More)
Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation has profound effects on the skin and the systemic immune system. Several effects of UV radiation on Dendritic cells (DCs) functions have been described. However, gene expression changes induced by UV radiation in DCs have not been addressed before. In this report, we irradiated human monocyte-derived DCs with solar-simulated(More)
During immunologic synapse (IS) formation, human CD38 redistributes to the contact area of T cell-antigen-presenting cell (APC) conjugates in an antigen-dependent manner. Confocal microscopy showed that CD38 preferentially accumulated along the contact zone, whereas CD3-zeta redistributed toward the central zone of the IS. APC conjugates with human T cells(More)
Citation: Sáenz-Cuesta M, Mittelbrunn M and Otaegui D (2015) Editorial: Novel clinical applications of extracellular vesicles. Cells employ several modes of communication, from direct contact to paracrine signaling. Understanding what they are whispering one to another has long been a goal for immunologists. In this scenario, the potential of a newly(More)
Exosomes are vesicles secreted to the extracellular environment through fusion with the plasma membrane of specific endosomes called multivesicular bodies (MVB) and mediate cell-to-cell communication in many biological processes. Posttranslational modifications are involved in the sorting of specific proteins into exosomes. Here we identify ISGylation as a(More)
O n the 8th and 9th of November, 71 scientists working in the field of extracellular vesicles from different laboratories in Spain met together in Segovia to present and discuss their research advances in this transformative and catalytic new field in transla-tional biomedicine. The symposium was started with opening and welcoming words from María Yáñ(More)
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