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The zeta isotype of protein kinase C (zeta PKC), a distinct PKC unable to bind phorbol esters, is required during NF-kappa B activation as well as in mitogenic signalling in Xenopus oocytes and mammalian cells. To investigate the mechanism(s) for control of cellular functions by zeta PKC, this enzyme was expressed in Escherichia coli as a fusion protein(More)
The zeta isoform of protein kinase C (zeta PKC) has been shown to be involved in the maturation of Xenopus oocytes and mitogenic signaling in fibroblasts. zeta PKC also regulates the important transcription factor nuclear factor kappa B, most probably by phosphorylation of the inhibitory molecule I kappa B. The mechanisms that control zeta PKC activity are(More)
Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappa B) plays a critical role in the regulation of a number of genes. NF-kappa B is a heterodimer of 50- and 65-kDa subunits sequestered in the cytoplasm complexed to inhibitory protein I kappa B. Following stimulation of cells, I kappa B dissociates from NF-kappa B, allowing its translocation to the nucleus, where it carries out(More)
Protein kinase C zeta (zeta PKC) is critically involved in the control of a number of cell functions, including proliferation and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappa B) activation. Previous studies indicate that zeta PKC is an important step downstream of Ras in the mitogenic cascade. The stimulation of Ras initiates a kinase cascade that culminates in the(More)
Recent evidence demonstrates that the protein kinase C zeta (zeta PKC) isoform is required for the activation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappa B) and mitogenic signaling in Xenopus oocytes and mammalian cells. The mechanism whereby zeta PKC regulates NF-kappa B most probably involves the activation of a putative I kappa B kinase of molecular mass(More)
The atypical PKCs are involved in a number of important cellular functions, including cell proliferation. We report here that the product of the par-4 gene specifically interacts with the regulatory domains of zeta PKC and lambda/LPKC, which dramatically inhibits their enzymatic activity. This is particularly challenging, because expression of par-4 has(More)
The zeta isoform of protein kinase C (zeta PKC) has been shown to be an important step in mitogenic signal transduction. Using a yeast interaction screen to search for potential novel substrates of zeta PKC, we identified the heterogeneous ribonucleoprotein A1 (hnRNPA1). This protein specifically interacts with the catalytic domain of zeta PKC but not with(More)
Recent studies have documented the involvement of the atypical protein kinase C (aPKC) isoforms in important cellular functions such as cell proliferation and survival. Exposure of cells to a genotoxic stimulus that induces apoptosis, such as UV irradiation, leads to a profound inhibition of the atypical PKC activity in vivo. In this study, we addressed the(More)
The requirement of protein kinase C zeta (zeta PKC) for maturation of X. laevis oocytes in response to insulin, p21ras, and phosphatidylcholine-hydrolyzing phospholipase C has recently been shown. Here we present experimental evidence demonstrating that activation of zeta PKC is not only necessary but also sufficient by itself to activate maturation in(More)
A number of studies have demonstrated the activation of phospholipase C-mediated hydrolysis of phosphatidylcholine (PC-PLC) both by growth factors and by the product of the ras oncogene, p21ras. Evidence has been presented indicating that the stimulation of this phospholipid degradative pathway is sufficient to activate mitogenesis in fibroblasts as well as(More)