María Luisa Villanueva-Peñacarrillo

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Poor control of glucose homeostasis accounts for diabetes-related bone loss. Incretins - GLP-1 and GIP - have been proposed to affect bone turnover. GLP-1, apart from its anti-diabetic and other actions, has shown to exert a bone anabolic effect in streptozotocin-induced type 2 diabetic (T2D) and fructose-induced insulin-resistant (IR) rats. Exendin-4(More)
Exogenous administration of glucagon-like peptide-1-(7-36) amide (GLP-1), an insulinotropic hormone, inhibits gastric emptying and acid secretion in humans. The role of GLP-1 as a regulator of gastric function is elusive. In gastric fistula rats, vagal afferent denervation and peripheral administration of the GLP-1 receptor antagonist exendin-(9-39) amide(More)
GLP-1(7-36)amide is an insulinotropic peptide derived from the intestinal post-translational proglucagon process, the release of which is increased mainly after a carbohydrate meal; also, its anti-diabetogenic effect in normal and diabetic states has been reported. In this study, GLP-1(7-36)amide stimulates the formation of glycogen from glucose in isolated(More)
In human isolated adipocytes, glucagon induces a dose dependent increment of the glycerol release, which is already observed at physiological concentrations of the hormone. Furthermore, glucagon at 10(-8) M, significantly stimulates the adenylate cyclase activity in both non-solubilized and solubilized fat plasma membranes, and at already 10(-11) M, a(More)
GLP-1, incretin with insulin-independent antidiabetic properties, is insulinomimetic upon glucose metabolism in extrapancreatic tissues, acting through specific receptors not associated to adenylate cyclase activation. We investigated the role of enzymes mediating insulin actions, in the GLP-1-induced glycogen synthase a activation in rat hepatocytes.(More)
Parathyroid hormone (PTH)-related protein (PTHrP) is present in the pancreatic islet. Recent data in transgenic mice suggest that PTHrP might modulate islet mass and insulin secretion. In the present study, we assessed the effect of the N-terminal PTH-like region of PTHrP on DNA synthesis in isolated rat islets. PTHrP (1-34), between 1 pM and 10 nM, for 48(More)
In rat adipocytes, GLP-1 (7-36) amide induced an increment in 2-deoxy-glucose uptake, which was additive to that of insulin. Furthermore, in rat fat, GLP-1 (7-36) amide provoked a rise in glycogen synthesis, glucose oxidation and utilization and lipogenesis, the increments being lower than those obtained with insulin. These data support the idea that GLP-1(More)
Exendin-4, like GLP-1, is insulinotropic, antidiabetic and glucoregulatory among other properties, which are thought to be exerted through the pancreatic GLP-1 receptor; exendin-4 is also an agonist of the GLP-1 stimulatory action upon liver and muscle glucose metabolism, where GLP-1 receptor is distinct from that in the pancreas. We investigated the action(More)
The present study aims mainly at measuring, in normal rats, the GLP-1 response to oral intake of an olive oil-enriched diet (OO), and at assessing the long-term effects of such a diet on the GLP-1 content of the intestinal tract, as well as the plasma D-glucose, insulin, and GLP-1 pattern during an oral glucose tolerance test. In meal-trained rats, the mean(More)
We have studied the effect of several doses of GLP-1, compared to that of insulin and glucagons, on lipogenesis, lipolysis and cAMP cellular content, in human adipocytes isolated from normal subjects. In human adipocytes, GLP-1 exerts a dual action, depending upon the dose, on lipid metabolism, being lipogenic at low concentrations of the peptide (ED50,(More)