María Luisa Villanueva-Peñacarrillo

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GLP-1, incretin with insulin-independent antidiabetic properties, is insulinomimetic upon glucose metabolism in extrapancreatic tissues, acting through specific receptors not associated to adenylate cyclase activation. We investigated the role of enzymes mediating insulin actions, in the GLP-1-induced glycogen synthase a activation in rat hepatocytes.(More)
We have found [125I]glucagon-like peptide-1(7-36)-amide-specific binding activity in rat skeletal muscle plasma membranes, with an estimated M(r) of 63,000 by cross-linking and SDS-PAGE. The specific binding was time and membrane protein concentration dependent, and displaceable by unlabeled GLP-1(7-36)-amide with an ID50 of 3 x 10(-9) M of the peptide;(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) controls glucose metabolism in extrapancreatic tissues participating in glucose homeostasis, through receptors not associated to cAMP. In rat hepatocytes, activation of PI3K/PKB, PKC and PP-1 mediates the GLP-1-induced stimulation of glycogen synthase. We have investigated the effect of GLP-1 in normal human myocytes, and(More)
Poor control of glucose homeostasis accounts for diabetes-related bone loss. Incretins - GLP-1 and GIP - have been proposed to affect bone turnover. GLP-1, apart from its anti-diabetic and other actions, has shown to exert a bone anabolic effect in streptozotocin-induced type 2 diabetic (T2D) and fructose-induced insulin-resistant (IR) rats. Exendin-4(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), an incretin with glucose-dependent insulinotropic and insulin-independent antidiabetic properties, has insulin-like effects on glucose metabolism in extrapancreatic tissues participating in overall glucose homeostasis. These effects are exerted through specific receptors not associated with cAMP, an inositol phosphoglycan(More)
Several kinases have been implicated in the metabolic response of human and rat myocytes to glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), exendin-4 (Ex-4) and exendin-9 (Ex-9). We have investigated, in isolated rat adipocytes, the changes caused by GLP-1, Ex-4 and Ex-9 compared with those provoked by insulin or glucagon, upon the activity of(More)
Parathyroid hormone (PTH)-related protein (PTHrP) is present in the pancreatic islet. Recent data in transgenic mice suggest that PTHrP might modulate islet mass and insulin secretion. In the present study, we assessed the effect of the N-terminal PTH-like region of PTHrP on DNA synthesis in isolated rat islets. PTHrP (1-34), between 1 pM and 10 nM, for 48(More)
Direct effects of GLP-1, kinase-mediated, on glucose and lipid metabolism in rat and human extrapancreatic tissues, are amply documented and also changes in type-2 diabetic (T2D) patients. Here, we explored the characteristics of the GLP-1 action and those of its analogs Ex-4 and Ex-9, on muscle glucose transport (GT) and metabolism in human morbid obesity(More)
Exendin-4, like GLP-1, is insulinotropic, antidiabetic and glucoregulatory among other properties, which are thought to be exerted through the pancreatic GLP-1 receptor; exendin-4 is also an agonist of the GLP-1 stimulatory action upon liver and muscle glucose metabolism, where GLP-1 receptor is distinct from that in the pancreas. We investigated the action(More)
Amylin is co-secreted with insulin, responds to the same stimuli, is anorectic, lowers body weight by reducing fat mass, and is proposed for diabetes treatment. We examined the effect of a 3-day constant infusion of close to physiological doses of amylin in Wistar rats, on glucotransporter expression, glycogen content (G), glycogen synthase a activity (GSa)(More)