María Luisa Rojo

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Bilateral olfactory bulbectomy in the rat (OBX) induces behavioral, neurochemical, and structural abnormalities similar to those observed in human depression that are normalized after chronic, but not acute, treatment with antidepressants. In our study, OBX animals exhibited significant increases in both CB(1) receptor density ([(3)H]CP55490 binding) and(More)
Lysophosphatidylinositol (LPI) is a biologically active lipid that produces a number of responses in cultured cells, and has been suggested to have neuroprotective properties in vivo. Some of the actions of LPI are mediated by G-protein coupled receptors, but it is not known whether G-protein coupled receptor-mediated responses can be seen in intact brain(More)
Typically, approach behaviour is displayed in the context of moving towards a desired goal, while avoidance behaviour is displayed in the context of moving away from threatening or novel stimuli. In the current research, we detected three sub-populations of C57BL/6J mice that spontaneously responded with avoiding, balancing or approaching behaviours in the(More)
The regulation of the activity of brain monoaminergic systems has been the focus of attention of many studies since the first antidepressant drug emerged 50 years ago. The search for novel antidepressants is deeply linked to the search for fast-acting strategies, taking into account that 2-4 weeks of treatment with classical antidepressant are required(More)
There is now a large volume of data indicating that compounds activating cannabinoid CB(1) receptors, either directly or indirectly by preventing the breakdown of endogenous cannabinoids, can protect against neuronal damage produced by a variety of neuronal "insults". Given that such neurodegenerative stimuli result in increased endocannabinoid levels and(More)
Ischaemic insult results in short-term changes in cannabinoid-1 (CB(1)) receptor expression in the brain, but it is not known whether long-term changes occur, which could potentially mean a change in the intrinsic ability of the brain to withstand new ischaemic episodes. In this study, we have investigated the expression and functionality of CB(1) receptors(More)
Serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors have shown to produce antinociceptive effects in several animal models of neuropathic pain. In the present work, we have analyzed the density of brain and spinal serotonin and noradrenaline transporters (5-HTT and NAT) in a rat model of neuropathic pain, the spinal nerve ligation (SNL). Quantitative(More)
The olfactory bulbectomized (OB) rat, an animal model of chronic depression with comorbid anxiety, exhibits a profound dysregulation of the brain serotonergic signalling, a neurotransmission system involved in pain transmission and modulation. We here report an increased nociceptive response of OB rats in the tail flick test which is reverted after chronic,(More)
AIMS A high fat diet (HFD) has been found to affect neurotransmission in the prefrontal cortex, but the effects of this dietary regime upon the endocannabinoid system has not been studied in this brain region. In consequence, in the present study, we have investigated the effect of HFD for up to 20 weeks upon the endocannabinoid system in the prefrontal(More)
AIMS A high consumption of fructose leads not only to peripheral changes in insulin sensitivity and vascular function, but also to central changes in several brain regions. Given the role of the endogenous cannabinoid system in the control of energy intake, we undertook a pilot study to determine whether a high fructose diet produced changes in brain CB1(More)
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