María Luisa Marván

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Many symptoms that define the premenstrual syndrome (PMS) are present in depressive states. The fact that there are not adequate animal models to study the PMS may explain the lack of knowledge about its etiology. An alternative might be the use of animal models which are useful to study depression, such as the forced swimming test. Eighteen female rats(More)
The forced swimming test is an animal model that is sensitive to the different antidepressant treatments. On the other hand, it is also sensitive to the characteristic changes suffered by animals that have been previously exposed to different depression models. In the present study we explored the effects of inescapable shocks on the forced swimming test,(More)
Variations in evoked potentials utilizing a photic stimulus in a sample of psychiatric patients compared to a healthy sample were evaluated. A group of patients diagnosed as schizophrenic was tested against a sample of healthy volunteers in a trial combining visual evoked potentials and a simultaneous cognitive processing. The stimulus was a checkerboard(More)
The cerebral cortex of the rat possesses 5-HT1A receptor subtype; however, whether the activation of this receptor by dorsal raphe nucleus stimulation produces a similar action on neuronal cortical firing as antidepressants acting on serotonin (5-HT) function is unknown. Single-unit extracellular recordings were obtained from parietal cortex in rats in(More)
Studies on neuronal firing have shown a decrease in frequency of firing in structures not directly related to emotional processes. However, studies of the hippocampus have shown increases in firing rate. Other limbic structures not yet explored in regard to the action of antidepressants include the septal nuclei. The present work describes a common effect(More)
A single dosage of several antidepressants produces an increased rate of firing in lateral septal nuclei of the rat. The objective of the present study was to clarify the long-term treatment action of clomipramine on the septal nuclei of the rat. A progressive increase of firing rate appeared after long-term treatment with clomipramine (1.25 mg/kg, IP;(More)
Ketamine is an anaesthetic interacting with several neurotransmitters. Among others, ketamine exerts some cholinergic actions (ACh). This paper presents the results of studying the interaction of ketamine with ACh in two animal species. Atropine slightly increased the time of immobility produced by ketamine injections in rats. Meanwhile, neostigmine(More)
The present study was designed to explore whether changes occur in psychophysiological variables in healthy women not suffering from premenstrual tension. Variations in electroencephalogram frequencies, reaction time, somatosensory evoked potentials, and nerve conduction velocity were examined in a sample of 30 women, in relation to scores from the Hamilton(More)
Most women present some premenstrual symptoms, which may be influenced by diverse sociocultural factors. The authors studied the premenstrual symptoms of 89 healthy Mexican women living in rural areas and whose education ranged from no schooling to middle school attendance, and 182 women living in urban areas whose education ranged from elementary school to(More)
Clomipramine is a serotonin reuptake blocker which produces an increased rate of firing in lateral septal neurons of the rat. However, it is unknown whether the response of dorsal raphe nucleus stimulation on the firing rate of the lateral septal neurons is modified by clomipramine treatment. Two programs of stimulation were employed. In the first,(More)