Learn More
We have reported that marihuana and its principal psycoactive compound, delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta 9-THC) produce alterations in several cerebral areas after acute treatment. Based on the involvement of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) on memory and learning and the reported effects of delta 9-THC on short-term memory, we designed an experiment to(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta9-THC) on exploratory behaviour and memory, independent of its locomotor suppressive effects. Dopamine (DA) and noradrenaline (NA) contents were determined in the areas of the brain directly related to such behaviours (hippocampus, striatum and amygdala). An acute(More)
The present study examines the effects of early simultaneous exposure to low level of lead and cadmium on anxiety-like behaviour in the rat, and on monoamine levels in the hypothalamus and hippocampus at weaning and adult animals. Rats were intoxicated with cadmium acetate (10 mg/l) and lead acetate (300 mg/l) in drinking water from the beginning of(More)
Exposure to gonadal steroids during the critical period exerts an organizational effect on the CNS. This hormonal effect could be mediated, at least in part, by neurotransmitters. Traditionally, the main place involved in the aminergic sexual differentiation has been the hypothalamus. The aim of this work was to examine the possible long-term effect of(More)
In this study we investigated the sexually dimorphic anxiety response to a novel environment in the absence of estrogens neonatally or in adulthood. There was a sexual dimorphism in the plus-maze test after the open-field test, females being more active and less anxious. In the absence of estrogens neonatally but not in the adulthood, the activity levels(More)
The effects of delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta 9-THC) administration on the central serotoninergic system were evaluated by biochemical assays of tissue levels of indoleamines; a measure of the serotonin (5-HT) innervation was obtained by using [3H]paroxetine as a marker of 5-HT uptake sites. Two different delta 9-THC treatments were chosen, i.e.: acute(More)
Previous studies performed in our laboratory showed the importance of the effects that the absence of maternal adrenal hormones have on fetal brain. In the present study we investigated the effect of adrenal deprivation during gestation on the fetal catecholamines development in several cerebral areas. Fetuses from both control and adrenalectomized mothers(More)
In this study we investigated the effects of maternal delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol on the developing serotonergic system. A daily dose of delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (5 mg/kg body weight) was administered p.o. to pregnant rats from gestational day 5 to postnatal day 1. Levels of indolamines were measured in four brain areas of the offspring on the day(More)
Serotonin, gamma-aminobutyric acid and glutamate, which are regulated by glucocorticoids in the central nervous system, are involved in neuroendocrine functions and the development of the brain. The present study investigates the effect of maternal adrenalectomy on the developing serotoninergic, GABAergic and glutamatergic systems. Neurotransmitter levels(More)
An intrastriatal injection with 18.8 nmoles of the neurotoxic agent 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) induced in rats a progressive parkinsonism characterized by a major loss of striatum dopamine (DA) levels and an increased turnover of this neurotransmitter 96 h after the administration. In addition, the intrastriatal administration of(More)