María Luisa Alvarez Gutiérrez

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BACKGROUND & AIMS We evaluated the effect of insulin resistance and viral factors on sustained virological response in patients with chronic hepatitis C treated with peginterferon plus ribavirin. METHODS Patients (n=159; 94 men; age, 41.7 +/- 11.1 years) with chronic hepatitis C (genotype 1, n=113; non-1 genotype, n=46) received treatment with interferon(More)
BACKGROUND Endocannabinoids may participate in the homeostasis of arterial pressure. Recently, anandamide, the most extensively studied endocannabinoid, has been proposed as a key mediator in the peripheral arterial vasodilation of cirrhosis. OBJECTIVES To determine if circulating levels of anandamide are related to the extent of the peripheral arterial(More)
Occult hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection (OBI) is defined by the presence of HBV DNA in the liver tissue of individuals who test negative for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). Patients who have recovered from acute hepatitis B can carry HBV genomes for a long time and show histological patterns of mild necro-inflammation, even fibrosis, years after the(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The management of acute hepatitis C (AHC) is controversial. We have conducted a retrospective study to determine the epidemiological and biochemical aspects, the genotypes, the spontaneous clearance of HCV (SVC), and the treatment responses in patients with AHC. METHODS We have retrospectively collected data from 131 patients with AHC(More)
Occult hepatitis B infection (OBI) is characterized by hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA in serum in the absence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) presenting HBsAg-negative and anti-HBc positive serological patterns. Occult HBV status is associated in some cases with mutant viruses undetectable by HBsAg assays; but more frequently it is due to a strong(More)
Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are accumulated in various organs in both mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) and mucolipidoses II and III (ML II and III). MPS and ML II and III patients can not properly degrade dermatan sulfate (DS) and/or heparan sulfate (HS). HS storage occurs in the brain leading to neurological signs while DS storage involves mainly visceral and(More)
Mucopolysaccharidosis type IVA (MPS IVA, Morquio A disease), a progressive lysosomal storage disease, causes skeletal chondrodysplasia through excessive storage of keratan sulfate (KS). KS is synthesized mainly in cartilage and released to the circulation. The excess storage of KS disrupts cartilage, consequently releasing more KS into circulation, which is(More)
Mucopolysaccharidosis I (MPS I) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by deficiency of alpha-L-iduronidase leading to accumulation of its catabolic substrates, dermatan sulfate (DS) and heparan sulfate (HS), in lysosomes. This results in progressive multiorgan dysfunction and death in early childhood. The recent success of enzyme replacement therapy(More)
Alcohol consumption, age at infection, and male gender have been identified as risk factors for faster fibrosis progression in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). Yet the influence of liver steatosis, light to moderate alcohol consumption, or iron overload on this progression remains controversial. To analyze the effect of individual risk factors and(More)