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DYRK1A is the human orthologue of the Drosophila minibrain (mnb) gene, which is involved in postembryonic neurogenesis in flies. Because of its mapping position on chromosome 21 and the neurobehavioral alterations shown by mice overexpressing this gene, involvement of DYRK1A in some of the neurological defects of Down syndrome patients has been suggested.(More)
Leukocyte recruitment into inflammatory sites is initiated by a reversible transient adhesive contact with the endothelium called leukocyte rolling, which is thought to be mediated by the selectin family of adhesion molecules. Selectin-mediated rolling precedes inflammatory cell emigration, which is significantly impaired in both P- and L-selectin(More)
Mutations in the GJB2 gene have been identified in many patients with childhood deafness, 35delG being the most common mutation in Caucasoid populations. We have analyzed a total of 576 families/unrelated patients with recessive or sporadic deafness from Italy and Spain, 193 of them being referred as autosomal recessive, and the other 383 as apparently(More)
L-selectin, a cell adhesion molecule expressed by leukocytes, mediates the attachment of lymphocytes to high endothelial venules (HEV) of peripheral lymph nodes and mediates the earliest interactions between leukocytes and activated vascular endothelium. Mice possessing a mutant L-selectin gene that results in the complete loss of cell surface receptor(More)
Several connexin genes (GJB1, GJB2, GJB3, GJB6 and GJA1) have been found mutated in patients with non-syndromic and/or syndromic deafness indicating an important role of these proteins in the auditory system. In order to better understand the function of the connexins in the inner ear we have analyzed the gene expression profiles of two connexin genes, Gjb1(More)
Pendred syndrome is a recessive inherited disorder that consists of developmental abnormalities of the cochlea, sensorineural hearing loss, and diffuse thyroid enlargement (goiter). This disorder may account for up to 10% of cases of hereditary deafness. The disease gene (PDS) has been mapped to chromosome 7q22-q31, and encodes a chloride-iodide transport(More)
Mutations in the connexin26 (GJB2) gene account for about half of inherited non-syndromic deafness cases in Western countries. The connexin26 protein is a subunit of gap junctions that form a network of intercellular communication among supporting cells and fibrocytes in the mammalian inner ear. Here we describe functional implications of mutations in the(More)
Mutations in the connexin 31 (GJB3) gene have been found in subjects with dominant and recessive deafness and in patients with erythrokeratodermia variabilis. We report here a dominant mutation in the GJB3 gene (D66del) in a family affected with peripheral neuropathy and sensorineural hearing impairment. A wide range of disease severity for peripheral(More)
Mutations in GJB1, GJB2, GJB3 and GJB6 are involved in hearing impairment. GJB2, GJB3 and GJB6 are also mutated in patients with hyperproliferative skin disorders. The human GJB4 gene has been deduced in silico and a mutation in a family with erythrokeratodermia variabilis has been reported. We describe here the analysis of the GJB4 gene in hearing(More)