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OBJECTIVE Expansions of more than 30 hexanucleotide repetitions in the C9ORF72 gene are a common cause of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). However, the range of 20-30 repetitions is rarely found and still has unclear significance. A screening of our cohort of cases with FTD (n = 109) revealed 4 mutation carriers (>30(More)
PURPOSE Leber Congenital Amaurosis (LCA) is one of the most severe inherited retinal dystrophies with the earliest age of onset. This study was a mutational analysis of eight genes (AIPL1, CRB1, CRX, GUCY2D, RPE65, RPGRIP1, MERTK, and LRAT) in 299 unrelated Spanish families, containing 42 patients with initial diagnosis of LCA: 107 with early-onset(More)
PURPOSE Mutations in the ABCA4 gene have been associated with autosomal recessive Stargardt disease (STGD), a few cases of autosomal recessive cone-rod dystrophy (arCRD), and autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa (arRP). The purpose of this study was to compare high-resolution melting (HRM) analysis with denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography(More)
PURPOSE Heterozygous mutations around codon 838 of the guanylate cyclase 2D (GUCY2D) gene have recently been associated with more than a third of autosomal dominant macular dystrophy patients. The aim of our study was to evaluate the prevalence of these mutations in Spanish families with autosomal dominant cone, cone-rod, and macular dystrophies. METHODS(More)
INTRODUCTION Aniridia is a panocular disorder which occurs in 1/50,000 to 1/100,000 live births and can appear either in isolated form or in the context of a syndrome. Isolated aniridia is inherited as an autosomal dominant condition and is caused by mutations of the PAX6 gene. A variety of techniques and methodologies within molecular genetics and(More)
PURPOSE Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a genetically heterogeneous disorder characterized by progressive loss of vision. The aim of this study was to identify the causative mutations in 272 Spanish families using a genotyping microarray. METHODS 272 unrelated Spanish families, 107 with autosomal recessive RP (arRP) and 165 with sporadic RP (sRP), were(More)
PURPOSE Norrie disease (OMIM 310600) is a rare X-linked disorder characterized by congenital blindness in males. Approximately 40 to 50% of the cases develop deafness and mental retardation. X-linked familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (XL-FEVR) is a hereditary ocular disorder characterized by a failure of peripheral retinal vascularization. Both X-linked(More)
Non-invasive prenatal diagnosis tests based on the analysis of fetal DNA in maternal plasma have potential to be a safer alternative to invasive methods. So far, different studies have shown mainly fetal sex, fetal RhD, and quantitative variations of fetal DNA during gestation with fetal chromosomal anomalies or gestations at risk for preeclampsia. The(More)
The existence of foetal DNA in maternal blood, discovered in 1997, opened new possibilities for noninvasive prenatal diagnosis. This includes foetal sex assessment by the detection of specific Y chromosome sequences in maternal blood, particularly important when a foetus may be affected by an X-linked disorder such as haemophilia. This study aims to(More)