María José Míguez-Burbano

Learn More
OBJECTIVES Tobacco smoking-related diseases continue to be of great health concern for the public, in general, and may be particularly deleterious for immunosuppressed HIV-positive individuals, who exhibit widespread tobacco use. METHODS A total of 521 HIV-infected subjects consecutively admitted to Jackson Memorial Hospital between 2001-2002 were(More)
The increased risk of developing lung diseases in cigarette smokers has been well recognized. The association between smoking and the risk of developing pulmonary infections in HIV-1-infected patients, however, which has not been established, was evaluated in the present study. Twenty-seven cases with lower respiratory infections (15 Pneumocystis carinii(More)
An important role for selenium in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease has been proposed. Decreased selenium levels, as found in persons with HIV infection or AIDS, are sensitive markers of disease progression. Selenium deficiency, an independent predictor of mortality in both HIV-1-infected adults and children, is an essential micronutrient that is(More)
The US is currently experiencing an epidemic of methamphetamine (Meth) use as a recreational drug. Recent studies also show a high prevalence of HIV-1 infection among Meth users. We report that Meth enhances HIV-1 infectivity of dendritic cells as measured by multinuclear activation of a galactosidase indicator (MAGI) cell assay, p24 assay, and LTR-RU5(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the impact of selenium chemoprevention (200 microg/day) on hospitalizations in HIV-positive individuals. METHOD Data were obtained from 186 HIV+ men and women participating in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled selenium clinical trial (1998-2000). Supplements were dispensed monthly, and clinical evaluations were conducted(More)
OBJECTIVES The present study characterized and determined the prevalence of mycobacterial diseases (tuberculosis (TB) and non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM)) as a cause of hospitalization among HIV-infected subjects consecutively admitted to a large metropolitan hospital during 2001/2002. METHODS Hospital discharge diagnoses were established for 521(More)
Despite widespread nutrient deficiencies, a substantial proportion of the MIDAS cohort exhibits obesity, which has been linked to immune dysregulation in other clinical settings. Herein, the effects of obesity on immune function, disease progression, and mortality were evaluated longitudinally in 125 HIV-1-seropositive drug users, with comparison measures(More)
This longitudinal study examined the impact of alcohol consumption (88 hazardous and 76 nonhazardous drinkers) and race/ethnicity on lipid profiles in individuals starting highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). At baseline, Whites and Hispanics had the most adverse lipid profiles, whereas Blacks had the least atherogenic. Whites and Hispanics showed(More)
HIV infection is associated with a myriad of hematopoietic abnormalities. Thrombocytopenia (TCP), the condition in which platelet counts fall below 150x10(3)/mm3 in two or more consecutive platelet counts, is a condition frequently seen in HIV infected individuals regardless of HIV status, gender, or age. Having recently been associated with rapid disease(More)
INTRODUCTION The advent of combination antiretroviral therapy(cART) has lead to a significant reduction in morbidity and mortality among people living with HIV(PLWH). However, HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) still remain a significant problem. One possible mechanism for the persistence of these disorders is through the effect of HIV on(More)