María José López-López

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ABSTRACT The drippy nut disease of oak was first described in California in 1967 and, since then, the causal agent has not been reported in any other area. This study describes for the first time in Europe the isolation of Brenneria (Erwinia) quercina from bark canker in addition to drippy bud and drippy nut in Quercus ilex and Q. pyrenaica. The bark canker(More)
ABSTRACT The behavior of the virulent transconjugant K84N6 derived from Agrobacterium radiobacter strain K84 after spontaneous Ti plasmid transfer in crown gall tissue in a biocontrol experiment was studied and compared with the behavior of the wild-type A. tumefaciens donor of the Ti plasmid. The main difference between the strains was a greatly reduced(More)
This manuscript presents a preliminary investigation on the applicability of Raman imaging for non-destructive and rapid analysis of blue crossing ink lines. The MCR method was used to facilitate visualization of the distribution of inks of the same colour and the most predominant Raman signature at the crossing was used to interpret the order of(More)
The gunpowder age is information of great importance that could help to establish safety regulations related to the propellants use and manipulation. In this work, a forced aging treatment (65°C for 120 days) was applied to four gunpowders stabilized with diphenylamine (DPA). The evolution of DPA and derivatives (N-nitroso-DPA, 2-nitro-DPA, 4-nitro-DPA, and(More)
The ability to unequivocally identify a gunshot residue (GSR) when a firearm is discharged is a very important and crucial part of crime scene investigation. To date, the great majority of the analyses have focused on the inorganic components of GSR, but the introduction of "lead-free" or "nontoxic" ammunitions makes it difficult to prevent false negatives.(More)
Gunshot residues (GSR) are valuable evidence which provide the forensic analyst with useful information about a crime scene when proper analytical methods are used. Nowadays, the method of choice for analyzing GSR is scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive X-ray analysis (SEM/EDX). However, SEM/EDX presents limitations when the GSR(More)
The methods for perpetrating forgery and alteration of documents are becoming increasingly more sophisticated. Forensic examinations of questioned documents routinely involve physical and chemical analysis of inks. Raman spectroscopy is a very attractive technique for ink analysis because it combines chemical selectivity with ease and fast analysis and it(More)
Apart from powerful explosives, dynamites are complex samples with an intricate analysis. These mixtures of compounds of diverse chemical nature present a challenge to the analyst, and as a result, several analytical techniques need to be applied currently for their analysis. Taking into account that presently there are almost no methods for dynamite(More)
In this work, a new approach for the isolation of nitrocellulose from smokeless gunpowders has been developed. A multistep solvent extraction method was needed to purify nitrocellulose contained in gunpowders. For single-base or double-base gunpowders six consecutive solvent extractions were selected: three extractions with methanol (to remove(More)
Shooting distance estimation offers useful information for the reconstruction of firearm related incidents. The muzzle to target distance is usually estimated by examining the bullet entrance hole and the gunshot residue pattern. To visualize the pattern the forensic analyst usually uses presumptive tests based on color chemical reactions that are applied(More)