María José Guerra

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Angiotensin II (AII) plays a major role in the progression of inflammation and NADPH-derived oxidative stress (OS) in several tissues. The brain possesses a local angiotensin system, and OS and inflammation are key factors in the progression of Parkinson's disease. In rat mesencephalic cultures, AII increased 6-OHDA-induced dopaminergic (DA) cell death,(More)
The neurotoxin MPTP reproduces most of the biochemical and pathological hallmarks of Parkinson's disease. In addition to reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated as a consequence of mitochondrial complex I inhibition, microglial NADPH-derived ROS play major roles in the toxicity of MPTP. However, the exact mechanism regulating this microglial response(More)
Striatal neurons which are immunoreactive (ir) to aromatic L-amino-acid decarboxylase (AADC) or tyrosine hydrodroxylase (TH) may play a role in the decarboxylation of L-DOPA to dopamine (DA) in advanced stages of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the functional significance of these neurons and the mechanisms responsible for their induction remain to be(More)
A variety of tests have been proposed for evaluation of motor deficits in rat models of hemiparkinsonism. The most widely used test, the "rotational behaviour" test, is based upon motor asymmetry induced by drug administration, leading to problems of sensitization, conditioning and priming. In addition, lesion-induced rotational behaviour is sometimes(More)
Cell death induced by 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) is thought to be caused by reactive oxygen species (ROS) derived from 6-OHDA autooxidation and by a possible direct effect of 6-OHDA on the mitochondrial respiratory chain. However, the process has not been totally clarified. In rat primary mesencephalic cultures, we observed a significant increase in(More)
It has recently been shown that the dopaminergic cell loss induced by neurotoxins is enhanced by brain angiotensin II (AII) via type 1 receptors (AT1). However, the mechanisms involved in the dopaminergic degeneration and the brain inflammatory effects of AII have not been clarified. The RhoA-Rho-Kinase (ROCK) pathway may play a critical role in the(More)
An age-related proinflammatory, pro-oxidant state in the nigra may increase the vulnerability of dopaminergic neurons to additional damage. Angiotensin II, via type 1 (AT1) receptors, is one of the most important known inflammation and oxidative stress inducers. However, it is not known if there are age-related changes in the nigral angiotensin system. In(More)
The efficacy of exogenous levodopa (L-DOPA) is attributed to its conversion to dopamine by the enzyme aromatic L-amino-acid decarboxylase in striatal dopaminergic terminals. However, there is controversy about the mechanisms underlying the therapeutic and adverse effects of L-DOPA after almost all striatal dopaminergic afferents have disappeared (i.e. in(More)
 Several non-physiological stimuli (i.e. pharmacological or electrical stimuli) have been shown to induce Fos expression in striatal neurons. In this work, striatal Fos (i.e. Fos-like) expression was studied after physiological stimulation, i.e. motor activity (treadmill running at 36 m/min for 20 min). In rats killed 2 h after the treadmill session, Fos(More)
Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) has potent trophic action on fetal dopaminergic neurons. We have used a double immunocytochemical approach with antibodies that recognize GDNF and tyroxine hydroxylase (TH) or the phosphoprotein DARPP-32, to study the developmental pattern of their interactions in the rat striatum and in intrastriatal(More)