Learn More
UNLABELLED The influence of different nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and of a proton pump inhibitor on the healing parameters of a chronic gastric ulcer was evaluated. Wistar rats were used after the induction of a chronic acetic acid ulcer. The animals were treated orally for 8 and 15 days, twice daily, with the conventional NSAID, piroxicam(More)
In the present report we studied the formation of severe gastric erosions produced in fasted rats by intragastric administration of piroxicam (PRX), an enolic acid-derived NSAID. The time course of gastric damage and the possible role of mucus secretion, endogenous sulphydryl compounds, changes of gastric vascular permeability and neutrophil infiltration in(More)
The anti-ulcerogenic and anti-oxidant effects of various flavonoids have been frequently reported. We investigated the cytoprotective properties of quercetin, a natural flavone, in gastric mucosal injury induced by 50% ethanol, since in this experimental model the pathogenesis of the lesions has been related with production of reactive oxygen species. The(More)
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of two nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), members of the same family with a different cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibition selectivity, meloxicam, preferent COX-2 inhibitor, and piroxicam, preferent COX-1 inhibitor, on oxygen radical generation in rat gastric mucosa. Therefore, the activity of oxidative(More)
The gastrointestinal tolerability of metamizol and acetaminophen [weak cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors] in comparison with diclofenac (nonselective cyclooxygenase inhibitor) was evaluated in subchronic treatments in rats. Wistar rats recived 60 mg/kg body weight of metamizol and acetaminophen, and 3 mg/kg body weight of diclofenac by oral route twice daily(More)
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) are well known to induce gastric mucosal damage including bleeding, ulceration and perforation in humans and animals too. These effects are related with the inhibition of the enzyme cyclooxygenase, which is the main established mechanism of action for these drugs. Fasted rats were given piroxicam, preferential(More)
This study was designed to determine the gastroprotective properties of cinitapride (CNT), a novel prokinetic benzamide derivative agonist of 5-HT4 and 5-HT1 receptors and 5-HT2 antagonist, on mucosal injury produced by 50% (v/v) ethanol. Results were compared with those for 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT: 10 mg kg-1). The possible involvements of gastric mucus(More)
This study examined the role of oxygen-derived free radicals, the potential involvement of neutrophils and the possible mucosal vascular permeability changes involved in the pathogenesis and evolution of gastric mucosal lesions induced by acetic acid in the rat. Myeloperoxidase activity was assayed and used as an index of leukocyte infiltration. Application(More)
To develop more effective antifungal mucoadhesive systems for the treatment of oral candidiasis, three types of microspheres, alginate (AM1), chitosan coated (CCM) and hydrogel (AM2) containing nystatin (Nys) were successfully elaborated by emulsification/internal gelation method. Physicochemical properties of microspheres resulted in 85-135 μm mean sizes,(More)