María Jesús del Nozal

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Honeybee colony collapse is a sanitary and ecological worldwide problem. The features of this syndrome are an unexplained disappearance of adult bees, a lack of brood attention, reduced colony strength, and heavy winter mortality without any previous evident pathological disturbances. To date there has not been a consensus about its origins. This report(More)
In recent years, a worldwide decline in the Apis mellifera populations has been detected in many regions, including Spain. This decline is thought to be related to the effects of pathogens or pesticides, although to what extent these factors are implicated is still not clear. In this study, we estimated the prevalence of honey bee colony depopulation(More)
The chiral resolution of four antifungal compounds, three imidazoles (miconazole, econazole and sulconazole) and one triazole (itraconazole) using supercritical fluid chromatography on the amylose-based chiral stationary phase Chiralpak AD, is presented in this work. The influence of pressure, type and percentage of organic modifier and temperature on(More)
Here we present a holistic screening of collapsing colonies from three professional apiaries in Spain. Colonies with typical honey bee depopulation symptoms were selected for multiple possible factors to reveal the causes of collapse. Omnipresent were Nosema ceranae and Lake Sinai Virus. Moderate prevalences were found for Black Queen Cell Virus and(More)
The semipreparative chiral separation of lansoprazole and two related compounds (pantoprazole and rabeprazole) using supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC) is presented in this work. Different loads were evaluated in order to obtain high enantiomeric purities and production rates. The volumes injected were 1, 2 and 4 mL. The concentrations of the racemic(More)
Several sample preparation methods have been assayed to analyze residues of fipronil in honey. After diluting the honey, liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) with organic solvents, and solid-phase extraction (SPE) on commercial cartridges or Florisil-packed column have been tested at three concentration levels: 0.01, 0.1 and 1 mg/kg. LLE with n-hexane or SPE on a(More)