María Isabel de José

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Fifty-four cases of Achromobacter xylosoxidans bacteremia diagnosed over a 10-year period in patients from 2 months to 87 years of age were reviewed. Fifty-two episodes were nosocomial. The most frequent underlying condition was neoplasm (solid or hematological). The source of infection was a contaminated intravenous catheter in 35 patients (60%) and(More)
Highly active antiretroviral therapy might lead to the development of dyslipidemia and lipodystrophy (LD) syndrome. We carried out a multicenter prospective study of 22 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1-infected children treated during 48 months with lopinavir/ritonavir-based highly active antiretroviral therapy to evaluate the trend of serum lipids and(More)
AIM To determine whether the treatment with oseltamivir improves the outcome of children with confirmed influenza infection and no other underlying disease. METHODS Multicentric, retrospective study performed in 10 hospitals of Madrid between September 2010 and June 2012. All children admitted to the hospitals with confirmed influenza infections were(More)
AIM To analyze the clinical spectrum and the incidence of coronary involvement in infants with typical Kawasaki's disease (KD). PATIENTS AND METHODS A retrospective study was performed on children one year of age or younger diagnosed from February 1992 to January 2006 with typical KD. Children with incomplete forms of the disease were not included. (More)
We explored the associations of the CD4/CD8 ratio with markers of immunoactivation, immunosenescence and T-cell subsets, in 37 vertically HIV-infected children and adolescents. CD4/CD8 ratio inversion was associated with higher frequencies of activated, senescent and activated/exhausted CD4+ and CD8+ T-cells, and a skewed T-cell phenotype from naive toward(More)
BACKGROUND Successful antiretroviral therapy (ART) has dramatically reduced mortality among HIV-infected children. However, there is growing concern about long-term effects associated to ART. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of metabolic abnormalities in a cohort of perinatally HIV-infected adolescents and young adults and to identify(More)
Background. Use of antiretroviral therapy has resulted in a decrease in morbidity and mortality rates in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected children.Methods. We performed a retrospective study involving 427 children to determine the effectiveness of different antiretroviral therapy protocols on clinical outcome. The follow-up period was(More)
BACKGROUND Antiretroviral treatment (ART) has contributed to increased life expectancy of HIV-1 infected children. In developed countries, an increasing number of children reaching adulthood are transferred to adult units. The objectives were to describe the demographic and clinical features, ART history, antiviral drug resistance and drug susceptibility in(More)
BACKGROUND This prospective study was performed to evaluate the tolerance of pyrazinamide in short course chemotherapy in children. METHODS A total of 114 children ages 6 months to 15 years (4.5 +/- 3.4 years) with diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis from 1985 to 1995 entered the trial. A 2-month regimen of isoniazid, rifampin and pyrazinamide, followed by(More)
INTRODUCTION Many human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected children have already failed treatment with 2 or even 3 classes of antiretrovirals. Coformulation of lopinavir with low dose ritonavir exhibits a potent antiretroviral effect. However, the data in heavily pretreated children are still scarce. This study evaluated the safety and(More)