María Isabel Menéndez Rodríguez

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We investigated whether chronic melatonin administration influences mitochondrial oxidative stress and life span in mice. Diaphragmatic mitochondria from female senescent prone (SAMP8) and senescent resistant (SAMR1) mice at 5 and 10 months of age were studied. Mitochondrial oxidative stress was determined by measuring the levels of lipid peroxidation,(More)
Tau is a neuronal microtubule-associated protein found predominantly on axons. Tau phosphorylation regulates both normal and pathological functions of this protein. Hyperphosphorylation impairs the microtubule binding function of tau, resulting in the destabilization of microtubules in brain, ultimately leading to the degeneration of the affected neurons.(More)
We assessed the effects of melatonin, N(1)-acetyl-N (2)-formyl-5-methoxykynuramine (AFMK) and N(1)-acetyl-5-methoxykynuramine (AMK) on neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) activity in vitro and in rat striatum in vivo. Melatonin and AMK (10(-11)-10(-3) m), but not AFMK, inhibited nNOS activity in vitro in a dose-response manner. The IC(50) value for AMK(More)
Cholecystokinin (CCK) and neuropeptide Y (NPY) are two peptides with opposite effects on the regulation of feeding behaviour. The possible interaction between these two systems has always been controversial. In this study, rat brain NPY levels were assayed after treatment with CCK 8 S and with a potent CCK agonist (Boc-(Nle 28-Nle 31)-CCK 26-33). CCK 8 S(More)
PARP inhibition can induce anti-neoplastic effects when used as monotherapy or in combination with chemo- or radiotherapy in various tumor settings; however, the basis for the anti-metastasic activities resulting from PARP inhibition remains unknown. PARP inhibitors may also act as modulators of tumor angiogenesis. Proteomic analysis of endothelial cells(More)
The dioxin (AhR) receptor can have oncogenic or tumor suppressor activities depending on the phenotype of the target cell. We have shown that AhR knockdown promotes melanoma primary tumorigenesis and lung metastasis in the mouse and that human metastatic melanomas had reduced AhR levels with respect to benign nevi. Mouse melanoma B16F10 cells were(More)
The regulation of GTP-binding proteins (G proteins) was examined during the course of differentiation of neuroblastoma N1E-115 cells. N1E-115 cell membranes possess three Bordetella pertussis toxin (PTX) substrates assigned to alpha-subunits (G alpha) of Go (a G protein of unknown function) and "Gi (a G protein inhibitory to adenylate cyclase)-like"(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common primary brain tumour in adults and one of the most aggressive cancers. PARP-1 is a nuclear protein involved in multiple facets of DNA repair and transcriptional regulation. In this study we dissected the action of PARP inhibition in different GBM cell lines with either functional or mutated PTEN that confers(More)
Our experimental models in this study were cats fitted with gastric fistulae. Intravenous infusion of sulfated CCK 8 and nonsulfated Boc CCK 7 inhibited both sham-feeding and feeding in fasted cats. The threshold dose (1.2 pmol/kg.hr) required for inhibition of sham-feeding was identical to that required to inhibit feeding in the same animals. However, the(More)