María Isabel Martín

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BACKGROUND Acute administration of the antitumoral drug cisplatin can induce nausea/emesis and diarrhea. The long-term effects of cisplatin on gastrointestinal motility, particularly after repeated administration, are not well known. Because cisplatin is highly neurotoxic, myenteric neurons can be affected. Our aim was to study the prolonged effects of(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine, in a sample of young psychiatric patients, (n = 157, mean age 17.01 years (SD = 3.6)) whether i) age at first cannabis use and age at emergence of psychiatric disorders are related and ii) such a relationship is modulated by the Val158Met polymorphism in the COMT gene. METHOD Cannabis use profiles and COMT Val158Met genotypes were(More)
BACKGROUND In the absence of pathology, cannabinoid-induced depression of gastrointestinal (GI) motility is thought to be mediated primarily by CB1 receptors, whereas the role of CB2 receptors is still unclear. The aim of this work was to radiographically analyze the acute effect of the mixed cannabinoid agonist WIN 55,212-2 (WIN) on GI motor function in(More)
Orofacial pain disorders are frequent in the general population and their pharmacological treatment is not always adequately resolved. Cannabinoids have demonstrated their analgesic effect in several pain conditions, both in animal models and in clinical situations. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the cannabinoid-mediated antinociception in two(More)
Five cerebral-palsied children and adolescents with severe startle epilepsy became seizure-free after clonazepan was introduced into their existing anticonvulsant drug regimens. The drug was withdrawn in one case because of side effects. Two hemiparetic patients who had startle epilepsy as the only epileptic manifestation remained permanently controlled(More)
A woman with Down syndrome--a trisomy 21 karyotype--developed severe startle epilepsy and spontaneous seizures at the age of 20 years. Triggering factors, seizure patterns, and ictal electroencephalograms were the same as in startle epilepsy occurring in children with cerebral palsy but differed in that there was no clinical or radiological evidence of a(More)
The analgesic effect of calcitonin when serotonin (5-HT) concentration is increased and the involvement of some 5-HT receptors were studied using the writhing test in mice. 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) administration increased both 5-HT levels in the central nervous system (CNS) and calcitonin analgesia. The 5-HT(1A) agonist(More)
We compared the analgesia induced by intraperitoneally (i.p.) and intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) administered salmon-calcitonin (S-CT), using the hot-plate test and the writhing test. The influence of the route of administration on the analgesia induced by morphine was also studied. After i.p. administration the analgesic effect was observed only in the(More)
1. Pain threshold, behavioral parameters, and monoamine levels were compared in two groups of rats: adult (12 months old) and old rats (25 months old). 2. No differences in nociception were found between the two groups using the tail-shock test. 3. Behavioral experiments with the holeboard test showed that locomotor activity and exploration activity were(More)
Nausea and vomiting are amongst the most severe dose-limiting side effects of chemotherapy. Emetogenic activity in rats can only be evaluated by indirect markers, such as pica (kaolin intake), or delay in gastric emptying. The aim of this work was to study, by radiological methods, the alterations in gastrointestinal motility induced by acute cisplatin in(More)