María Isabel Herrero

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The sexual reproductive phase in plants might be particularly vulnerable to the effects of global warming. The direct effect of temperature changes on the reproductive process has been documented previously, and recent data from other physiological processes that are affected by rising temperatures seem to reinforce the susceptibility of the reproductive(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Recent studies of reproductive biology in ancient angiosperm lineages are beginning to shed light on the early evolution of flowering plants, but comparative studies are restricted by fragmented and meagre species representation in these angiosperm clades. In the present study, the progamic phase, from pollination to fertilization, is(More)
The progamic phase appears especially well suited for pollen-pistil interaction. During this phase the pistil supports pollen germination and tube growth, and provides an adequate environment, nutrition and directional cues. However, this support does not occur indiscriminantly and some mechanisms operating in the pistil constrain pollen tube growth. An(More)
BACKGROUND The lipid transfer protein Pru p 3 has been identified as a major peach fruit allergen. However, the putative peach member of the Bet v 1 family, Pru p 1, has been neither identified nor characterized. OBJECTIVES To determine the distribution and solubility properties of the main peach allergens and to quantify Pru p 3 and Pru p 1 levels in(More)
Pollen tube dynamics following different competition regimes were studied in sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.). In the process from pollination to fertilization, a constant reduction in the number of pollen tubes that travel along the style is observed. There could be two main causes of this reduction. One is a physical or physiological constraint consisting(More)
Pollen competition and selection have significant evolutionary consequences, but very little is known about how they can be modulated. We have examined in cherry (Prunus avium L.) how pollen performance is affected by the genotype of the pollen and by the environmental conditions under which it grows, namely the pistilar tissue and temperature. The(More)
In most flowering plants, pollen is dispersed as monads. However, aggregated pollen shedding in groups of four or more pollen grains has arisen independently several times during angiosperm evolution. The reasons behind this phenomenon are largely unknown. In this study, we followed pollen development in Annona cherimola, a basal angiosperm species that(More)
Most angiosperms release bicellular pollen. However, in about one-third of extant angiosperms, the second pollen mitosis occurs before anthesis such that pollen is tricellular upon release. The shift from bicellular to tricellular development has occurred several times independently, but its causes are largely unknown. In this work, we observed the(More)
In angiosperms, the female gametophyte has a secluded life; it is protected by several concentric layers that envelop each other. The embryo sac is surrounded by the nucellus, which in turn is wrapped by the integuments forming the ovule, which is nested in the ovary. These wrappings are not hermetic, but contain little ”gates” the pollen tube must traverse(More)
While stigma anatomy is well documented for a good number of species, little information is available on the acquisition and cessation of stigmatic receptivity. The aim of this work is to characterize the development of stigma receptivity, from anthesis to stigma degeneration, in the pentacarpellar pear (Pyrus communis) flower. Stigma development and(More)