María Isabel Colado

Learn More
The amphetamine derivative (+/-)-3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, ecstasy) is a popular recreational drug among young people, particularly those involved in the dance culture. MDMA produces an acute, rapid enhancement in the release of both serotonin (5-HT) and dopamine from nerve endings in the brains of experimental animals. It produces increased(More)
The effect of varying the dose and frequency of administration of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or 'ecstasy') on both the acute hyperthermic response and the long term neurodegeneration of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) nerve terminals in the brain has been studied in Dark Agouti rats. A single injection (4-15 mg/kg i.p.) of MDMA produced immediate(More)
1. Administration of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or 'ecstasy') to several species results in a long lasting neurotoxic degeneration of 5-hydroxytryptaminergic neurones in several regions of the brain. We have now investigated whether this degeneration is likely to be the result of free radical-induced damage. 2. Free radical formation can be(More)
1. Administration of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, 'ecstasy') to mice produces acute hyperthermia and long-term degeneration of striatal dopamine nerve terminals. Attenuation of the hyperthermia decreases the neurodegeneration. We have investigated the mechanisms involved in producing the neurotoxic loss of striatal dopamine. 2. MDMA produced a(More)
1. The present study has investigated whether the neurotoxic effects of the relatively selective 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) neurotoxins, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or 'Ecstasy'), p-chloroamphetamine (PCA) and fenfluramine on hippocampal and cortical 5-HT terminals in rat brain could be prevented by administration of either chlormethiazole or(More)
1. The effect of administration of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or 'Ecstasy') and its N-demethylated product, 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) on both rectal temperature and long term neurotoxic loss of cerebral 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) has been studied in male and female Dark Agouti (DA) rats. The female metabolizes debrisoquine more slowly(More)
1. The pharmacology of the acute hyperthermia that follows 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, 'ecstasy') administration to rats has been investigated. 2. MDMA (12.5 mg kg(-1) i.p.) produced acute hyperthermia (measured rectally). The tail skin temperature did not increase, suggesting that MDMA may impair heat dissipation. 3. Pretreatment with the(More)
We examined the long term effect of 3,4 methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, 10, 20 and 30 mg/kg, i.p.) on the cerebral 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and dopamine content in Swiss Webster mice. Three injections of MDMA (20 or 30 mg/kg, i.p.) given 3 h apart produced a marked depletion in the striatal content of dopamine and its metabolites(More)
Rationale: There is good evidence that 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)-induced neurotoxicity results from free radical formation. However, it is unclear whether it is the presence of MDMA or a metabolite in the brain that initiates this process. Objective: We wished to measure the concentration of MDMA in the brain following peripheral(More)
The predominant severe acute adverse effect following ingestion of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, ecstasy) by recreational users is hyperthermia which can induce other associated clinical problems and occasionally death. There is no pharmacologically specific treatment. MDMA also induces dose-dependent hyperthermia in experimental animals. This(More)