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Molecular mechanisms of ITS2 processing, a eukaryotic insertion between the 5.8S and LSU rRNA, remain largely elusive even in yeast. To delineate ITS2 structural and functional features which could be common to eukaryotes, we first produced phylo-genetically supported folding models in the vertebrate lineage, then tested them in deeper branchings and, more(More)
Four species of frogs genus Eupsophus were examined using electrophoresis at 19 loci, and 10 morphological characters employing discriminant analysis. The allozymic and morphological differentiation patterns do not agree. It is suggested that selective pressures are responsible for the incongruence of both sets of characters.
The scientific capabilities and performance profiles of the Faculty of Biological Sciences of the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile were assessed building performance indicators from the ISI's Chile-National Citation Report, 1981–1992. Consistent with the educational goals of the Faculty, the scientific activity which nurtures graduate training,(More)
Nucleolar segregation is the most striking cellular phenotypic feature of cold-acclimatized carp and depicts the cyclical reprogramming that the physiology of the fish undergoes between summer and winter, where a clear differential expression of some nucleolar related genes occurs. We characterized carp nucleolin, a nucleolar protein involved in multiple(More)
A second Pit-1 gene in carp (Cyprinus carpio), including the complete structural gene and 1.1 kb of promoter region, was identified and completely sequenced. The exon-intron structure was determined, and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) experiments suggest that only one Pit-1 splice variant is present in carp pituitary. The effect of(More)
By means of a one-step one-tube extraction from less than 1 mg of tissue it is possible to identify, via the polymerase chain reaction, Renibacterium salmoninarum in salmon with bacterial kidney disease. A 149-bp DNA sequence unique to R. salmoninarum was specifically amplified and its nature confirmed by Southern hybridization using a non-isotopically(More)
The full length cDNA sequence of the myostatin gene was cloned from a teleostean fish, the Chilean flounder (Paralichthys adspersus) through RT-PCR amplification coupled with the RACE approach to complete the 5'- and 3'-region. The deduced amino acid sequence encodes a protein of 377 amino acid residues, including the structural domains responsible for its(More)
To obtain specific DNA probes for the identification of the fish pathogen, Renibacterium salmoninarum, a discriminatory recombinant DNA library was constructed using selective fragments of the bacterial genome. Three renibacterial clones, pMAM29, pMAM46 and pMAM77, containing 149, 73, and 154 bp respectively, were isolated and characterized. The specificity(More)
BACKGROUND Incorporation of histone variants into chromatin is one of the epigenetic mechanisms used for regulation of gene expression. Macro (m)H2A is a histone variant that has two different subtypes in vertebrates: mH2A1 and mH2A2. It is known that mH2A is associated with gene silencing, but recent studies indicate that these mH2A subtypes could(More)
The entire cDNA sequence of the growth hormone receptor (GHR) of the Chilean flounder (Paralichthys. adspersus) was cloned by RT-PCR and RNA ligase rapid amplification of 5' and 3'ends. The deduced amino acid sequence contains 641 residues and codes for the GHR1 form. The receptor includes all the structural domains and motifs responsible for its(More)