María I. Pérez-Núñez

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Osteoporosis causes important morbidity among elderly individuals. Fragility fractures, and especially hip fractures, have a particularly negative impact on the patients’ quality of life. The role of epigenetic mechanisms in the pathogenesis of many disorders is increasingly recognized, yet little is known about their role in non-malignant bone disorders(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine genome-wide methylation profiles of bone from patients with hip osteoarthritis (OA) and those with osteoporotic (OP) hip fractures. METHODS Trabecular bone pieces were obtained from the central part of the femoral head of 27 patients with hip fractures and 26 patients with hip OA. DNA was isolated, and methylation was explored with(More)
Two missense polymorphisms of WNT16 were associated with hip bone mineral density (BMD), the buckling ratio of the femoral neck, calcaneal ultrasound and hip fractures in individuals under 80 years of age. These results confirm the association of the WNT16 gene with bone mass and osteoporotic fractures. Osteoporosis has a strong genetic component. Wnt(More)
In comparison with hip fractures, increased expression of genes in the Wnt pathway and increased Wnt activity were found in bone samples and osteoblast cultures from patients with osteoarthritis, suggesting the involvement of this pathway in subchondral bone changes. No consistent differences were found in the genetic association study. This study aims to(More)
OBJECTIVE Genes explaining the susceptibility to osteoporosis have not been fully elucidated. Our objective was to explore the association of polymorphisms capturing common variations of the lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP) 5 and 6 genes, encoding two Wnt receptors, with femoral neck bone mineral density (BMD) and osteoporotic fractures of the(More)
We reported previously that the expression of Wnt-related genes is lower in osteoporotic hip fractures than in osteoarthritis. We aimed to confirm those results by analyzing β-catenin levels and explored potential genetic and epigenetic mechanisms involved. β-Catenin gene expression and nuclear levels were analyzed by real time PCR and confocal(More)
Wnt ligands are important regulators of skeletal homeostasis. Wnt10B tends to stimulate the differentiation of common mesenchymal precursors toward the osteoblastic lineage, while inhibiting adipocytic differentiation. Hence, we decided to explore the association of WNT10B allelic variants with bone mineral density and osteoporotic fractures. A set of tag(More)
Epidemiological studies suggest that cervical and trochanteric hip fractures have different pathogenesis. We tested the hypothesis that genetic factors have different influences on both types of fractures. Ten polymorphisms of genes known to play an important role in skeletal homeostasis [estrogen receptor alpha (ESR1), aromatase (CYP19A1), type I collagen(More)
Insufficient activity of the bone-forming osteoblasts leads to low bone mass and predisposes to fragility fractures. The functional capacity of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), the precursors of osteoblasts, may be compromised in elderly individuals, in relation with the epigenetic changes associated with aging. However, the role of hMSCs in the(More)
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