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L. Mauricio Bini, J. Alexandre F. Diniz-Filho, Thiago F. L. V. B. Rangel, Thomas S. B. Akre, Rafael G. Albaladejo, Fabio S. Albuquerque, Abelardo Aparicio, Miguel B. Araújo, Andrés Baselga, Jan Beck, M. Isabel Bellocq, Katrin Böhning-Gaese, Paulo A. V. Borges, Isabel Castro-Parga, Vun Khen Chey, Steven L. Chown, Paulo de Marco, Jr, David S. Dobkin, Dolores(More)
The species-area relationship (SAR) gives a quantitative description of the increasing number of species in a community with increasing area of habitat. In conservation, SARs have been used to predict the number of extinctions when the area of habitat is reduced. Such predictions are most needed for landscapes rather than for individual habitat fragments,(More)
Most insects' assemblages differ with forest type and show vertical stratification. We tested for differences in richness, abundance and composition of hymenopteran families and mymarid genera between sugar maple (Acer saccharum) and white pine (Pinus strobus) stands and between canopy and understory in northeastern temperate forests in Canada. We used(More)
Edge effect is a key process influencing populations and communities, particularly in fragmented landscapes. A general analytical framework has been proposed to quantify the strength of the edge effects (extent and magnitude); however, factors determining the later remain poorly explored. Using a continuous approach we explore the response of dung beetle(More)
Arthropods play a key role in the functioning of forest ecosystems and contribute to biological diversity. However, the influence of current silvicultural practices on arthropod communities is little known in jack pine (Pinus banksiana) forests, a forest type comprising a major portion of the Canadian boreal forest. In this study, the effects of(More)
Studies dealing with community similarity are necessary to understand large scale ecological processes causing biodiversity loss and to improve landscape and regional planning. Here, we study landscape variables influencing patterns of community similarity in fragmented and continuous forest landscapes in the Atlantic forest of South America, isolating the(More)
Landscape simulators are widely applied in landscape ecology for generating landscape patterns. These models can be divided into two categories: pattern-based models that generate spatial patterns irrespective of the processes that shape them, and process-based models that attempt to generate patterns based on the processes that shape them. The latter often(More)
Human alterations of the habitat may interfere with the natural processes that determine spatial patterns of species abundance. We examine the geographical position hypothesis and the agricultural transformation hypothesis to explain spatial patterns in the abundance of seedeater species (Sporophila spp.) in the southern Neotropics. The geographical(More)
Urban expansion to rural and natural areas is a global process. Although several studies have analyzed bird community attributes along urbanization gradients, little is known on the impact of urbanization on temporal variability of bird communities. Rural areas show higher seasonal and interannual variability in environmental conditions and resources than(More)
Variable retention harvesting (VRH), in which trees are removed at variable intensity and spatial configuration across the landscape, retains greater forest structural heterogeneity than traditional clear-cut harvesting and is being recommended as an alternative for sustainable management of the boreal forest. Little is known about its effects on forest(More)