María Gabriela Ortega

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Huperzia saururus (Lam.) Trevis. (Lycopodiaceae) is used widely in Argentinian traditional medicine as an aphrodisiac and for memory improvement. An aqueous extract from the aerial parts was obtained by decoction, revealing the presence of alkaloids, among other constituents. By partition with organic solvent in alkaline media, alkaloids were extracted and(More)
In previous studies, 2',4'-dihydroxy-5'-(1''',1'''-dimethylallyl)-6-prenylpinocembrin, a prenylated flavonoid isolated from Dalea elegans roots, showed activity against multiresistant Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans, as well as an uncoupling effect on mitochondria and antioxidant activity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the inhibitory(More)
Huperzine A, a Lycopodium alkaloid produced by Chinese folk herb Huperzia serrata (Lycopodiaceae), has been shown to be a promising agent for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease due to its potent acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity, as well its efficacy in the treatment of memory of aged patients. Thus, the effects of two Huperzia species of habitats in(More)
The alkaloid extracts of four Huperzia and one Lycopodiella species, from Brazilian habitats, were tested for their in vitro anticholinesterase activities. IC(50) values showed a potent acetylcholinesterase inhibition for H. reflexa (0.11 ± 0.05 μg/mL), followed by H. quadrifariata (2.0 ± 0.3 μg/mL), H. acerosa (5.5 ± 0.9 μg/mL), H. heterocarpon (25.6 ± 2.7(More)
Epidemiological studies have demonstrated an inverse association between the consumption of flavonoid-rich diets and the risk of atherosclerosis. In addition, an increased activity of the matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) has been implicated in the development and progression of atherosclerotic lesions. Even though the relationship between flavonoid(More)
Huperzia saururus is reported in Argentinean popular medicine as a memory improver. Chemical studies have shown that the main constituents of the species are Lycopodium alkaloids. On the basis of this information, a purified alkaloid extract was obtained by alkaline extraction of the aerial parts. The aim of this work was to investigate the effects of(More)
From the roots of Acmella decumbens (Sm) R.K. Jansen three compounds belonging to the alkamide family were isolated: (2E, 4E)-N-hydroxiphenylethyl-2,4-decadien-9-inamide (1); (4E, 6E)-N-isobutyl-4,6-undecen-10-inamide; (2) and (2Z)-N-phenylethyl-2-nonane-6,8-diinamide (3). The structures were determined by means of IR, MS, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, DEPT 135 and(More)
The number, phenotype, localisation and development of intraepithelial lymphocytes (IEL) from duodenum (Du) and ileum (Il) were studied by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and light and electron microscopy in unweaned (0-7 weeks old) and six months-old pigs. Developmental changes at birth showed that 38% of the total lymphocytes in the villi were IEL, mainly of(More)
In inflammation, nitric oxide (NO) acts as a pro-inflammatory mediator, which is synthesized by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in response to pro-inflammatory agents such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Quercetin (Qt) has anti-inflammatory properties through its ability to inhibits nitric oxide production and iNOS expression in different cellular(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE The study was aimed at evaluating medicinal and therapeutic potentials of two Lycopodiaceae species, Lycopodium clavatum (L.) and Lycopodium thyoides (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd), both used in South American folk medicine for central nervous system conditions. Alkaloid extracts were evaluated for chemical characterization,(More)