María Gabriela Barbás

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The province of San Salvador de Jujuy, located in the northwest of Argentina, is a highly endemic area for HTLV-1 infection and a foci of tropical spastic paraparesis/HTLV-1-associated myelopathy (HAM/TSP). Therefore, to better understand this, we carried out a genetic characterization of a large set of HTLV-1 strains (n = 65) of descendants of Amerindians(More)
In the North of Argentina, an endemic area for HTLV-1, intrafamilial transmission of this virus has been observed. The HTLV-1 status in 13 family members of a seropositive blood donor from the central region of Argentina (non-endemic area) was investigated. According to serological and molecular assays, four members of this family (the blood donor, the(More)
We describe the prenatal evolution of the brain findings in a patient with proved Zika virus infection at 8 weeks of gestation showing the very early appearance at 17 weeks of ventriculomegaly and signs of brain parenchymal involvement without microcephaly. The involvement of the brain becomes more evident at 22 and 27 weeks with the apparition of(More)
The introduction of nucleic acid amplification techniques (NAT) in blood banks was intended to reduce the residual risk of transfusion-transmitted infections. Co-circulation of a great diversity of HIV-1 variants in Argentina portrays the need to assess the sensitivity of serological and molecular assays available for their detection. In this study, we(More)
BACKGROUND In Argentina, current national guidelines recommend starting with NNRTI-based regimens. Recently, there have been some local reports regarding concerning levels of NNRTI-transmitted resistance, but surveillance has never been carried out at a national level. OBJECTIVES To determine the prevalence of HIV drug resistance in people starting ART in(More)
Vertical transmission is the main route of HIV infection in childhood. Because of the persistence of maternal HIV antibodies, virologic assays that directly detect HIV are required to diagnose HIV infection in infants younger than 18 months of age. The sensitivity of HIV RNA/DNA assays increases as the child becomes older. These tests have specificity(More)
Alternative algorithms were evaluated in order to reduce the number of false reactive results for antibodies against HTLV-1/2. From 20,210 samples tested, 0.37% (74/20,210) was reactive by ELISA Murex. Of these, 23 were confirmed as positive by the indirect immunofluorescence assay whereas 51 were negative, being the positive predictive value (PPV) 31.08%.(More)
At the time of influenza A (H1N1) emergency, the WHO responded with remarkable speed by releasing guidelines and a protocol for a real-time RT-PCR assay (rRT-PCR). The aim of the present study was to evalúate the performance of the "Real Time Ready Influenza A/H1N1 Detection Set" (June 2009)-Roche kit in comparison to the CDC reference rRT-PCR protocol. The(More)
INTRODUCTION Whooping cough is a re-emerging infection in the world and Latin America. OBJECTIVE It was considered relevant to investigate the clinical and epidemiological profile of Bordetella spp. and Bordetella pertussis infection in Córdoba province, Argentina; evaluating, at the same time, the co-infection with virus producing respiratory infections(More)
BACKGROUND Rilpivirine-based regimens are now preferred or alternative first-line regimens according to many HIV treatment guidelines. Recently, a surveillance study conducted in Argentina determined that prevalence of pretreatment resistance to first-generation non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) was 10%. The aim of this study was to(More)
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