Learn More
BACKGROUND A century after its discovery, Chagas disease still represents a major neglected tropical threat. Accurate diagnostics tools as well as surrogate markers of parasitological response to treatment are research priorities in the field. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of PCR methods in detection of Trypanosoma cruzi DNA by(More)
Parasites belonging to Leishmania braziliensis, Leishmania donovani, Leishmania mexicana complexes and Trypanosoma cruzi (clones 20 and 39) were searched in blood, lesions and strains collected from 28 patients with active cutaneous leishmaniasis and one patient with visceral leishmaniasis. PCR-hybridization with specific probes of Leishmania complexes (L.(More)
The susceptibility to penicillin of 111 Neisseria meningitidis strains was assessed by the agar-dilution procedure and serosubtypes were determined by a whole-cell enzyme-linked immunoassay using monoclonal antibodies reagents. Thirty-five isolates showed reduced sensitivity to penicillin (MIC > or = 0.1 mg/l and < or = 1 mg/l) and no resistant strains were(More)
Chagas' disease, or American trypanosomiasis, is a parasitic zoonosis found only in the Americas. Under natural conditions, Trypanosoma cruzi is transmitted by insects belonging to different species of Triatoma. However, several routes of transmission that do not involve insect vectors have also been described, such as transmission via blood products or(More)
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) include a group of heterogeneous hematological disorders with a variable risk of leukemic evolution and short survival. Around 40-50% of patients show abnormal karyotypes that are mostly characterized by monosomies or deletions. Cytogenetic findings are an independent prognostic factor and the International prognostic scoring(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE We intended to develop a molecular test allowing a species-specific identification of the anisakid human parasite independently of its evolutive stage. MATERIAL AND METHOD Anisakid larvae were obtained from fish destined to human consumption. In the PCR-RFLP test, the DNA corresponding to the ITS-1, 5.8S rRNA gene, ITS-2 and(More)
We present evidence for the putative role of Rhodnius robustus as extradomestic vector of Chagas disease in Western Venezuela. First, we assessed the validity of this triatomine species by genetic characterization in relation with some other species of the prolixus group. Random amplified polymorphic DNA data showed a clear separation between this species(More)
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) constitute a heterogeneous group of clonal hematological diseases characterized by refractory cytopenia(s). MDS patients show increased levels of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) which is a multifunctional proinflammatory cytokine. The aim of this work is to examine the presence of -308A/G TNFα variants and to analyze(More)
The semisynthetic process initially described for the synthesis of 1 (ET-743) has been extended to the preparation of other natural ecteinascidins. For the synthesis of 2 (ET-729) a demethylation of a N-Me intermediate was carried out by a selective oxidation with MCPBA. Other natural ecteinascidins (ET-745, ET-759B, ET-736, ET-637, ET-594) were accessible(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Various grades of adverse events are associated with sorafenib and have recently been considered as a surrogate of response in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. The aim of this prospective study was to measure the efficacy of a sorafenib dose reduction regimen, adjusted on patient's tolerability, and aimed at increasing the(More)