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Mitochondrial alterations have been associated with the cytotoxic effect of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA), a widely used toxin to study Parkinson's disease. In previous work, we have demonstrated that 6-OHDA increases mitochondrial membrane permeability leading to cytochrome c release, but the precise mechanisms involved in this process remain unknown. Herein(More)
1. Mitochondrial mechanisms involved in veratridine-induced chromaffin cell death have been explored. 2. Exposure to veratridine (30 micro M, 1 h) produces cytochrome c release to the cytoplasm that seems to be mediated by superoxide anions and that is blocked by cyclosporin A (10 micro M), MnTBAP (10 nM), catalase (100 IU ml(-1)) and vitamin E (50 micro(More)
Although the genetic link between the epsilon4 allele of apolipoprotein E (apoE) and Alzheimer's disease is well established, the isoform-specific activity of apoE underlying this correlation remains unclear. To determine whether apoE influences the neurotoxic actions of beta-amyloid (Abeta), we examined the effect of native preparations of apoE3 and E4 on(More)
Minocycline, an antibiotic of the tetracycline family, has attracted considerable interest for its theoretical therapeutic applications in neurodegenerative diseases. However, the mechanism of action underlying its effect remains elusive. Here we have studied the effect of minocycline under excitotoxic conditions. Fluorescence and bioluminescence imaging(More)
Malonate, an inhibitor of mitochondrial complex II, is a widely used toxin to study neurodegeneration in Huntington's disease and ischemic stroke. We have shown previously that malonate increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells, leading to oxidative stress, cytochrome c release, and apoptotic cell death.(More)
Apoptosis is an active process that is regulated by different signalling pathways. One of the more important organelles involved in apoptosis regulation is the mitochondrion. Electron chain transport disruption increases free radical production leading to multiple conductance channel opening, release of cytochrome c and caspase activation. This death(More)
Despite the increasing knowledge of Alzheimer's disease (AD) management with novel pharmacologic agents, most of them are only transiently fixing symptomatic pathology. Currently there is rapid growth in the field of neuroprotective pharmacology and increasing focus on the involvement of mitochondria in this devastating disease. This review is directed at(More)
Neurodegeneration associated with Alzheimer's disease is believed to involve toxicity to beta-amyloid (A beta) and related peptides. Treatment of cultured rat hippocampal neurons with A beta 1-40 (1 microM) or the active fragment A beta 25-35 (1 microM) for 5 days led to a approximately 40-50% decrease in neuronal viability. The hydrophilic antioxidant(More)
1. Herein we study the effects of the mitochondrial complex II inhibitor malonate on its primary target, the mitochondrion. 2. Malonate induces mitochondrial potential collapse, mitochondrial swelling, cytochrome c (Cyt c) release and depletes glutathione (GSH) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide coenzyme (NAD(P)H) stores in brain-isolated mitochondria.(More)
1 In this study, we have used isolated brain mitochondria to investigate the effects of superoxide anions (O(2)(-)) on mitochondrial parameters related to apoptosis, such as swelling, potential, enzymatic activity, NAD(P)H, cytochrome c release, and caspase activity. 2 Addition of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) generator KO(2) produced brain(More)