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Minocycline, an antibiotic of the tetracycline family, has attracted considerable interest for its theoretical therapeutic applications in neurodegenerative diseases. However, the mechanism of action underlying its effect remains elusive. Here we have studied the effect of minocycline under excitotoxic conditions. Fluorescence and bioluminescence imaging(More)
Although the genetic link between the epsilon4 allele of apolipoprotein E (apoE) and Alzheimer's disease is well established, the isoform-specific activity of apoE underlying this correlation remains unclear. To determine whether apoE influences the neurotoxic actions of beta-amyloid (Abeta), we examined the effect of native preparations of apoE3 and E4 on(More)
Malonate, an inhibitor of mitochondrial complex II, is a widely used toxin to study neurodegeneration in Huntington's disease and ischemic stroke. We have shown previously that malonate increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells, leading to oxidative stress, cytochrome c release, and apoptotic cell death.(More)
Neurodegeneration associated with Alzheimer's disease is believed to involve toxicity to beta-amyloid (A beta) and related peptides. Treatment of cultured rat hippocampal neurons with A beta 1-40 (1 microM) or the active fragment A beta 25-35 (1 microM) for 5 days led to a approximately 40-50% decrease in neuronal viability. The hydrophilic antioxidant(More)
Mitochondrial alterations have been associated with the cytotoxic effect of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA), a widely used toxin to study Parkinson's disease. In previous work, we have demonstrated that 6-OHDA increases mitochondrial membrane permeability leading to cytochrome c release, but the precise mechanisms involved in this process remain unknown. Herein(More)
1 In this study, we have used isolated brain mitochondria to investigate the effects of superoxide anions (O(2)(-)) on mitochondrial parameters related to apoptosis, such as swelling, potential, enzymatic activity, NAD(P)H, cytochrome c release, and caspase activity. 2 Addition of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) generator KO(2) produced brain(More)
1. Mitochondrial mechanisms involved in veratridine-induced chromaffin cell death have been explored. 2. Exposure to veratridine (30 micro M, 1 h) produces cytochrome c release to the cytoplasm that seems to be mediated by superoxide anions and that is blocked by cyclosporin A (10 micro M), MnTBAP (10 nM), catalase (100 IU ml(-1)) and vitamin E (50 micro(More)
Staurosporine (0.03-0.5 microM) induced a dose-dependent, apoptotic degeneration in cultured rat hippocampal neurons that was sensitive to 24-h pretreatments with the protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide (1 microM) or the cell cycle inhibitor mimosine (100 microM). To investigate the role of Ca2+ and reactive oxygen species in staurosporine-induced(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The proteasome inhibitor model of Parkinson's disease (PD) appears to reproduce many of the important behavioural, imaging, pathological and biochemical features of the human disease. However, the mechanisms involved in the lactacystin-induced, mitochondria-mediated apoptotic pathway remain poorly defined. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH We(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Huntington's disease is a neurodegenerative process associated with mitochondrial alterations. Inhibitors of the electron-transport channel complex II, such as 3-nitropropionic acid (3NP), are used to study the molecular and cellular pathways involved in this disease. We studied the effect of 3NP on mitochondrial morphology and its(More)