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Mitochondrial alterations have been associated with the cytotoxic effect of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA), a widely used toxin to study Parkinson's disease. In previous work, we have demonstrated that 6-OHDA increases mitochondrial membrane permeability leading to cytochrome c release, but the precise mechanisms involved in this process remain unknown. Herein(More)
Minocycline, an antibiotic of the tetracycline family, has attracted considerable interest for its theoretical therapeutic applications in neurodegenerative diseases. However, the mechanism of action underlying its effect remains elusive. Here we have studied the effect of minocycline under excitotoxic conditions. Fluorescence and bioluminescence imaging(More)
Although the genetic link between the epsilon4 allele of apolipoprotein E (apoE) and Alzheimer's disease is well established, the isoform-specific activity of apoE underlying this correlation remains unclear. To determine whether apoE influences the neurotoxic actions of beta-amyloid (Abeta), we examined the effect of native preparations of apoE3 and E4 on(More)
1 In this study, we have used isolated brain mitochondria to investigate the effects of superoxide anions (O(2)(-)) on mitochondrial parameters related to apoptosis, such as swelling, potential, enzymatic activity, NAD(P)H, cytochrome c release, and caspase activity. 2 Addition of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) generator KO(2) produced brain(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The proteasome inhibitor model of Parkinson's disease (PD) appears to reproduce many of the important behavioural, imaging, pathological and biochemical features of the human disease. However, the mechanisms involved in the lactacystin-induced, mitochondria-mediated apoptotic pathway remain poorly defined. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH We(More)
Despite the increasing knowledge of Alzheimer's disease (AD) management with novel pharmacologic agents, most of them are only transiently fixing symptomatic pathology. Currently there is rapid growth in the field of neuroprotective pharmacology and increasing focus on the involvement of mitochondria in this devastating disease. This review is directed at(More)
The tumor suppressor gene p53 has been implicated in the induction of apoptosis in dividing cells. We now show that overexpression of p53 using an adenoviral vector in cultured rat hippocampal pyramidal neurons causes widespread neuronal death with features typical of apoptosis. p53 overexpression did not induce p21, bax, or mdm2 in neurons. X-irradiation(More)
Parkinson disease (PD) is the second-most common age-related neurodegenerative disease and is characterized by the selective destruction of dopaminergic neurons. Increasing evidence indicates that oxidative stress plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of idiopathic PD. Anti-oxidant agents including catalase, manganese porphyrin and pyruvate confer(More)
Apoptosis is an active process that is regulated by different signalling pathways. One of the more important organelles involved in apoptosis regulation is the mitochondrion. Electron chain transport disruption increases free radical production leading to multiple conductance channel opening, release of cytochrome c and caspase activation. This death(More)
Staurosporine (0.03-0.5 microM) induced a dose-dependent, apoptotic degeneration in cultured rat hippocampal neurons that was sensitive to 24-h pretreatments with the protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide (1 microM) or the cell cycle inhibitor mimosine (100 microM). To investigate the role of Ca2+ and reactive oxygen species in staurosporine-induced(More)