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Both the prevalence and severity of respiratory allergic diseases such as bronchial asthma have increased in recent years. Among the factors implicated in this "epidemic" are indoor and outdoor airborne pollutants. Urbanisation with its high levels of vehicle emissions and Westernised lifestyle parallels the increase in respiratory allergy in most(More)
Susceptibility to spondyloarthropaties is strongly associated with some HLA-B27 alleles. Evidence suggests a direct pathogenic role for the B27 molecules which possibly present an arthritogenic peptide to the T cells. If this hypothesis is true, B27 subtypes that differ structurally but are disease-associated ought to be capable of presenting such(More)
The effects of trypsin and arginine analogues, alone or in combination, on half-maximal non-adrenergic, non-cholinergic (NANC) relaxation elicited by different pulse trains of electrical field stimulation were studied in the rat gastric fundus in order to investigate further the relative contribution of peptides and NO. Trypsin (1 microM) partially(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Gastrointestinal inflammation reduces food intake but the biological mechanisms explaining suppressed feeding during inflammation are unknown. We have used a model of upper gut infection (Trichinella spiralis in the mouse) to study the effect of inflammation on food intake, and explored the role of a key enteroendocrine cell (EEC) in the(More)
Sputum induction with nebulized hypertonic saline is increasingly being used to evaluate airway inflammation. We investigated the procedure-associated risk in 16 asthmatics that were still symptomatic despite on high doses of regular corticosteroid (CS) therapy (7 on daily inhaled CS > or = 800 microg budesonide or equivalent; 9 on additional daily oral CS)(More)
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is an autoimmune disorder strongly associated with HLA-B27. A direct role of B27 molecules in the disease pathogenesis has been postulated, possibly by presenting to T cells an as-yet unidentified arthritogenic peptide that triggers the autoimmune response. There are nine HLA-B27 alleles differing from each other at one or more(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Fatty acids induce cholecystokinin (CCK) secretion and modify gastric motility, but the chain length requirements for these effects are not known. Nor is it clear whether the effects of fatty acids on gastric motility in humans are CCK mediated or directly exerted. The aim of this study was to determine the role of fatty acyl chain length(More)
Transient lower esophageal sphincter (LES) relaxations (TLESRs) are the main underlying mechanism of gastroesophageal reflux. Although CCK acts through CCK-A receptors to increase the TLESRs induced by gastric distension, the respective roles of endogenous CCK and fundic tone in triggering postprandial TLESRs remain unknown. The aim of this study was to(More)
Epidemiological studies showed that bronchial asthma is one of the most common diseases which can complicate pregnancy (1-7%). In about 0.05-2% of the cases, asthma occurs as a life-threatening event. In the common medical practice a waiting strategy or, even, the complete refusal for drug therapies are frequently observed. This is justified by the fear of(More)
The prevalence of allergic respiratory diseases such as bronchial asthma has increased in recent years, especially in industrialized countries. A change in the genetic predisposition is an unlikely cause of the increase in allergic diseases because genetic changes in a population require several generations. Consequently, this increase may be explained by(More)