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Apomixis is a form of asexual reproduction that in plants leads to the production of seed progeny that are exact copies of the mother individual. A mapping population generated by backcrossing a sexual with an apomictic genotype of Paspalum simplex, both at the tetraploid level, was used to find markers co-segregating with apomixis. Genetic analysis showed(More)
A mapping population of Paspalum simplex segregating for apomixis (asexual reproduction through seeds) was screened with AFLPs to find apomixis-linked markers. Four AFLPs linked to apomixis in coupling phase were found. Three of them did not show recombinants among the 87 individuals of the mapping population, whereas the other was more loosely linked.(More)
Apomictic tetraploid Paspalum simplex was crossed with colchicine-doubled diploid sexual plants belonging to the same species. Homologous genomic probes were selected from a partial PstI genomic library for their capacity to detect alleles specific to the apomictic parent, and their segregation was analyzed in the F1 progeny. High levels of polymorphism(More)
BACKGROUND Apomixis is an alternative route of plant reproduction that produces individuals genetically identical to the mother plant through seeds. Apomixis is desirable in agriculture, because it guarantees the perpetuation of superior genotypes (i.e. heterotic hybrid seeds) by self-seeding without loss of hybrid vigour. The Paspalum genus, an archetypal(More)
 Feulgen/DNA cytophotometric determinations carried out in the root meristem of seedlings showed that substantial quantitative alterations in the nuclear genome are present between and within 15 natural populations of Dasypyrum villosum in Italy. When the most variant values are considered, there is a 17.6% difference between the mean genome size of the(More)
Segregating progenies of crosses between sexual and apomictic genotypes of Paspalum simplex were analysed for the formation of meiotic versus aposporous embryo sacs, zygotic versus parthenogenetic embryos, and autonomous versus pseudogamous endosperms by using cytoembryological and flow cytometric analyses. Reduced and unreduced 8-nucleated embryo sacs were(More)
The chromosomes of sexual diploid plants of Paspalum simplex were colchicine-doubled and the plant obtained were crossed with their aposporous natural tetraploid counterparts to generate a F1 population segregating for apomixis. Analysis of the DNA content during megagametogenesis indicated that although the nuclei of nucellus and developing embryo sacs(More)
To enrich the source of germplasm of cultivated olive (Olea europaea subsp. europaea L.), inter-subspecific hybrid plants have been produced by experimental crosses between several varieties of cultivated olive and Asian and African accessions of the wild related subspecies cuspidata. Germination of putative hybrid seeds was enhanced by using in vitro(More)
RFLP molecular markers have been used for the identification of 12 commercial varieties of tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.). Of these, 7 could be distinguished on the basis of the presence/absence of specific and unique bands whereas the other 5 could be distinguished on the basis of band combinations. No differences in the RFLP pattern were(More)
Cytogenetic and DNA molecular analyses have been carried out in 3 wheat introgression lines (ILs; CS×V58, CS×V59, and CS×V60) derived from Triticum aestivum cv. 'Chinese Spring' (CS) × Dasypyrum villosum(Dv) intergeneric hybridization. All lines, which showed several phenotypic differences compared to CS, had the same chromosome number (2n = 42) and(More)