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Kluyveromyces lactis mutants defective in the glycolytic enzyme phosphoglucose isomerase are able to grow in glucose media and to produce ethanol, but they depend on a functional respiratory chain and do not grow in glucose-antimycin media. We postulate that this is due to the necessity of reoxidizing, in the mitochondria, the NADPH produced by the pentose(More)
Cloning, sequence and functional analyses of the Kluyveromyces lactis genes KlNDI1 and KlNDE1 are reported. These genes encode for proteins with high homology to the mitochondrial internal (Ndi1p) and external (Nde1p) alternative NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductases from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and complement the respective mutations. Analysis of KlNDI1(More)
Codon usage (CU) in Kluyveromyces lactis has been studied. Comparison of CU in highly and lowly expressed genes reveals the existence of 21 optimal codons; 18 of them are also optimal in other yeasts like Saccharomyces cerevisiae or Candida albicans. Codon bias index (CBI) values have been recalculated with reference to the assignment of optimal codons in(More)
Heme is of great importance in oxygen-dependent biological functions, since it serves as a prosthetic group for many proteins related to oxygen-binding, oxidative damage prevention and electron transport. It also regulates gene expression through the action of specific transcriptional regulatory factors. In this paper, we present an analysis of(More)
We examined several strategies for the secretion of Kluyveromyces lactis beta-galactosidase into the culture medium, in order to facilitate the downstream processing and purification of this intracellular enzyme of great industrial interest. We constructed plasmids by fusing the LAC4 gene or engineered variants to the secretion signal of the K.lactis killer(More)
BACKGROUND In spite of its advantageous physiological properties for bioprocess applications, the use of the yeast Kluyveromyces marxianus as a host for heterologous protein production has been very limited, in constrast to its close relative Kluyveromyces lactis. In the present work, the model protein glucose oxidase (GOX) from Aspergillus niger was cloned(More)
In the present work, a thermophilic esterase from Thermus thermophilus HB27 was cloned into Kluyveromyces marxianus and into Kluyveromyces lactis using two different expression systems, yielding four recombinant strains. K. lactis showed the highest esterase expression levels (294 units per gram dry cell weight, with 65% of cell-bound enzyme) using an(More)
A lot of studies have been carried out on Saccharomyces cerevisiae, an yeast with a predominant fermentative metabolism under aerobic conditions, which allows exploring the complex response induced by oxidative stress. S. cerevisiae is considered a eukaryote model for these studies. We propose Kluyveromyces lactis as a good alternative model to analyse(More)
The expression of 1008 open reading frames (ORFs) from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been examined under eight different physiological conditions, using classical northern analysis. These northern data have been compared with publicly available data from a microarray analysis of the diauxic transition in S.cerevisiae. The results demonstrate the(More)
In this work we have cloned and characterized the Kluyveromyces lactis HAP1 gene and we have found that, contrary to data previously described for the homologous gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, i.) the function of this gene does not affect growth in media with carbon sources used by fermentative or respiratory pathways ii) in aerobiosis, KlHap1p is not a(More)