María Esperanza Cerdán

Learn More
A lot of studies have been carried out on Saccharomyces cerevisiae, an yeast with a predominant fermentative metabolism under aerobic conditions, which allows exploring the complex response induced by oxidative stress. S. cerevisiae is considered a eukaryote model for these studies. We propose Kluyveromyces lactis as a good alternative model to analyse(More)
Cloning, sequence and functional analyses of the Kluyveromyces lactis genes KlNDI1 and KlNDE1 are reported. These genes encode for proteins with high homology to the mitochondrial internal (Ndi1p) and external (Nde1p) alternative NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductases from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and complement the respective mutations. Analysis of KlNDI1(More)
Kluyveromyces lactis mutants defective in the glycolytic enzyme phosphoglucose isomerase are able to grow in glucose media and to produce ethanol, but they depend on a functional respiratory chain and do not grow in glucose-antimycin media. We postulate that this is due to the necessity of reoxidizing, in the mitochondria, the NADPH produced by the pentose(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Kluyveromyces lactis are considered to be the prototypes of two distinct metabolic models of facultatively-aerobic yeasts: Crabtree-positive/fermentative and Crabtree-negative/respiratory, respectively. Our group had previously proposed that one of the molecular keys supporting this difference lies in the mechanisms involved in(More)
Codon usage (CU) in Kluyveromyces lactis has been studied. Comparison of CU in highly and lowly expressed genes reveals the existence of 21 optimal codons; 18 of them are also optimal in other yeasts like Saccharomyces cerevisiae or Candida albicans. Codon bias index (CBI) values have been recalculated with reference to the assignment of optimal codons in(More)
In this work we have cloned and characterized the Kluyveromyces lactis HAP1 gene and we have found that, contrary to data previously described for the homologous gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, i.) the function of this gene does not affect growth in media with carbon sources used by fermentative or respiratory pathways ii) in aerobiosis, KlHap1p is not a(More)
In the present work, a thermophilic esterase from Thermus thermophilus HB27 was cloned into Kluyveromyces marxianus and into Kluyveromyces lactis using two different expression systems, yielding four recombinant strains. K. lactis showed the highest esterase expression levels (294 units per gram dry cell weight, with 65% of cell-bound enzyme) using an(More)
In Kluyveromyces lactis the gene encoding 5-aminolevulinate synthase, KlHEM1, is regulated at the transcriptional level by carbon source and oxygen availability. The KlHEM1 promoter, fused to the reporter lacZ gene, has been analysed by deletion and direct mutagenesis techniques in order to find regulatory elements functionally relevant in this(More)
We have characterized the KlROX1 gene from Kluyveromyces lactis and verified that it does not regulate the hypoxic response in this yeast, oppositely to the Saccharomyces cerevisiae homologue ScROX1. The KlROX1 promoter is not regulated by KlHap1p or KlRox1p in response to changes aerobiosis/hypoxia. Besides, KlRox1p expression only partially represses(More)
We examined several strategies for the secretion of Kluyveromyces lactis beta-galactosidase into the culture medium, in order to facilitate the downstream processing and purification of this intracellular enzyme of great industrial interest. We constructed plasmids by fusing the LAC4 gene or engineered variants to the secretion signal of the K.lactis killer(More)