María Elena Díaz-Sánchez

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Damage to axons in acute multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions is now well established but the mechanisms of this damage remain obscure. Here we have applied a panel of antibodies that identify cell populations and proteins contained in them with a view to detecting those cells and proteins that are localised particularly closely to damaged axons in acute,(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with a clinically isolated demyelinating syndrome (CIS) are at risk of developing a second attack, thus converting into clinically definite multiple sclerosis (CDMS). Therefore, an accurate prognostic marker for that conversion might allow early treatment. Brain MRI and oligoclonal IgG band (OCGB) detection are the most frequent(More)
BACKGROUND Recently the International Panel on Diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) has proposed new magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) criteria for the diagnosis of MS in patients with clinically isolated syndromes (CIS). We aimed to evaluate the accuracy of these new criteria for lesions dissemination in space (DIS) and time (DIT), from a single MRI scan,(More)
BACKGROUND Histamine N-methyltransferase (HNMT) is the main metabolizing enzyme of histamine (a mediator of inflammation implicated in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis-MS) in the CNS. We have investigated the possible association between a single nucleotide polymorphism of the HNMT (chromosome 2q22.1), that causes the amino acid substitution Thr105Ile(More)
Candida infection among multiple sclerosis (MS) patients has not been studied in depth. We determined whether there is an association between serological evidence of Candida infection and MS. Blood specimens were obtained from 80 MS patients and 240 matched controls. Immunofluorescence analysis and ELISA were used to detect Candida species antibodies and(More)
BACKGROUND Some recent experimental data suggest a possible role of LINGO-1 in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). In an attempt to identify genetic biomarkers related to MS susceptibility, we genotyped two common SNPs in the LINGO1 gene which have been associated to other neurological conditions, in patients with MS and in healthy subjects. These(More)
OBJECTIVE This study sought to assess the psychometric attributes of the Quality of Life in Essential Tremor Questionnaire (QUEST) by undertaking an independent validation. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING This was an observational, multicenter, cross-sectional study carried out in Neurology Departments of general hospitals. The following assessments were(More)
BACKGROUND Some epidemiological, genetic, and experimental data suggest a possible role of vitamin D in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) and in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. Data on the possible contribution of several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene to the risk for MS are controversial.(More)
The MRI Barkhof-Tintoré criteria have proved to be highly specific for predicting conversion to clinically definite multiple sclerosis in patients with clinically isolated syndromes (CIS), but lacked an optimal sensitivity. In order to improve the accuracy of early multiple sclerosis diagnosis, new imaging criteria have been proposed by Swanton et al. We(More)